General Practice 2022

6 causes of groin pain in pregnancy (and what to do)

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6 causes of groin pain in pregnancy (and what to do)
6 causes of groin pain in pregnancy (and what to do)

Groin pain in pregnancy can be associated with certain changes that occur during pregnancy, such as weight gain, changes in the body or release of hormones, for example.

In addition, during pregnancy, the pelvic joints can become stiff or unstable, to prepare the woman's body for childbirth, which can cause discomfort, pain or even affect mobility, however, the mother should not be concerned, because this condition does not harm the baby.

Groin pain usually does not indicate a problem with pregnancy and usually disappears shortly after the baby is born. However, if groin pain is accompanied by symptoms such as fever, chills, vaginal discharge, or burning when urinating, for example, seek medical help immediately.It is important to see the obstetrician-gynecologist frequently and to have regular prenatal exams to ensure a smooth and safe pregnancy.

1. Baby weight increase

One of the main causes of groin pain in pregnancy is the increase in the baby's weight, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy. This is because at this stage, the ligaments and muscles in the pelvis become more relaxed and stretched to accommodate the growing baby, which can cause groin pain.

What to do: to reduce discomfort you should avoid lifting or carrying weight and doing activities such as water aerobics, light walks or Kegel exercises to strengthen muscles and ligaments of the pelvis. Learn how to do Kegel exercises.

2. Body change

Changes in a woman's body are normal and physiological during pregnancy, one of the main changes being the curvature of the spine to adjust to the baby's growth and prepare for the moment of delivery and this can cause loosening of muscles and ligaments in the pelvis and cause groin pain.

What to do: You should do physical activities to strengthen your pelvis and back muscles. In addition, you should avoid wearing heeled shoes, rest with your back supported, avoid supporting yourself on one leg when standing, and sleep with a pillow between your knees. In some cases, your doctor may advise you to use a belly brace or physical therapy to strengthen your pelvic muscles.

3. Hormone release

Groin pain can be caused by the release of the hormone relaxin which works by loosening the ligaments and joints in the hips and pelvis to accommodate the growing baby during pregnancy. In addition, this hormone is released in greater amounts during labor to facilitate the passage of the baby, which can cause groin pain that improves after delivery.

What to do: rest and invest in exercises to strengthen the muscles of the pelvis. helps to stabilize the joint and improve well-being.

4. Mother's weight gain

During the nine months or 40 weeks of pregnancy, a woman can gain 7 to 12 kg and this increase in weight can overload the muscles and ligaments of the pelvis causing groin pain that can be more frequent in women with overweight or sedentary lifestyle before becoming pregnant.

What to do: you should avoid wearing high heels and prefer more comfortable and low shoes, in addition, avoid straining your spine, always using your arms as support when sitting and getting up. It is important to do light physical activities such as walking or water aerobics, for example, to control weight and strengthen the muscles of the pelvis. A balanced diet can be followed by a doctor or nutritionist, so that weight gain during pregnancy occurs in a he althy way.

Watch the video with tips to control weight during pregnancy.

5. Placental detachment

Detachment of the placenta can occur at any stage of pregnancy and one of the symptoms is sudden groin pain that is accompanied by other symptoms such as bleeding, severe abdominal pain, weakness, paleness, sweating or tachycardia.

What to do: seek medical help immediately or the nearest emergency room for evaluation and the most appropriate treatment. Treatment of placental abruption is individualized and depends on the severity and stage of pregnancy. Learn more about placental abruption.

6. Infections

Some infections such as urinary tract infection, intestinal infection, appendicitis or sexually transmitted infections can cause groin pain and usually have other symptoms such as fever, chills, nausea or vomiting, for example.

What to do: you should seek medical attention immediately to start the most appropriate treatment which may be with antibiotics that can be used in pregnancy, prescribed by the doctor.

When to go to the doctor

It is important to seek medical help as soon as possible when groin pain is accompanied by other symptoms such as:

  • Fever or chills;
  • Pain or burning when urinating;
  • Inguas;
  • Pain in the intestines;
  • Intense pain on the right side of the abdomen.

In these cases, the doctor should request laboratory tests such as blood count and hormone dosage, evaluate blood pressure and tests such as ultrasound, cardiotocography to assess the he alth of the mother and baby and initiate the most appropriate treatment.

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