Pregnancy 2022

Baby developmentê - 22 weeks of gestationção

Table of contents:

Baby developmentê - 22 weeks of gestationção
Baby developmentê - 22 weeks of gestationção

Week of gestation: 22 weeks

Equals to the month: end of the 5th month

Equals to days: 148 to 154 days of gestation

At the 22nd week of pregnancy, the baby's development is marked by the development of the taste buds, which will be responsible for the baby's taste after birth. The limbic system in the brain responsible for feelings and emotions is also developing.

At this stage of pregnancy, the baby already recognizes light and darkness, as its eyes are already well formed, although they are still covered by the eyelids.

During this week, the woman may feel her belly harder at certain times of the day, due to the contraction of the uterus preparing the body for the future delivery.In addition, pelvic pain due to the growing uterus and swelling in the legs and feet and dilated veins in the legs may continue.

Baby development

At the 22nd week of pregnancy, the baby's eyes are already well formed, but the iris, which gives color to the eyes, will continue to develop until birth. Eyebrows are already formed and vision is more developed, allowing the baby to better perceive light and dark, even with the eyelids still covering the eyes.

Baby is growing rapidly and consuming more calcium for he althy development, especially of bones and teeth. The baby's taste buds are also developing and a woman's diet can influence the baby's taste.

The brain continues to develop forming complex networks of neurons and the limbic system, responsible for controlling emotions and feelings, is in full development.

At this stage of pregnancy, the baby moves more and more and holds the umbilical cord more tightly, as it has a more developed sense of touch, and its movements are increasingly felt by the woman.

Baby size and weight

Baby size at 22 weeks gestation is about 27.4 centimeters, measured from head to toe, and about 19.2 centimeters from head to butt, equivalent to the size of a papaya. Baby weight this week is about 476 grams.

Changes in a woman's body

By the 22nd week of pregnancy, the uterus is already beyond the navel and pelvic pain may continue due to the loosening of the ligaments and muscles in the pelvis to accommodate the growing baby.

In addition, Braxton-Hicks contractions, also called training contractions, which are mild and considered normal, as the muscles of the uterus can contract and relax regularly, causing the belly to become more lasts at certain times of the day, preparing the uterus and pelvic tissues for the future delivery.

At this stage of pregnancy, due to the increase in the uterus, body weight and volume of blood circulating in the body, symptoms of swelling in the legs and feet, and small dilated vessels in the legs may continue.

Care during the 22nd week

At the 22nd week of pregnancy, some precautions are important to help alleviate discomforts that may arise, such as:

  • Pelvic Pain: Maintaining good posture, avoiding prolonged standing or sitting, and changing positions while lying down can help relieve discomfort. In addition, doing light stretches and gentle movements, practicing yoga or pilates, as long as they are approved by the doctor, help to strengthen the muscles to support the changes in the body during pregnancy. However, if the pain does not improve, or if you have a fever, you should contact your doctor immediately;
  • Swollen legs and feet: Sit or lie down with your feet up whenever possible and drink at least 8 glasses of water a day to keep your body hydrated and help to improve blood circulation.In addition, doing physical exercises recommended by the doctor help to improve circulation and decrease the discomfort of swelling. However, if the swelling doesn't improve, starts suddenly, or has swelling in your hands and face, you should seek medical help right away, as it could be a sign of preeclampsia. Learn more about preeclampsia and how it is treated.
  • Dilated blood vessels in the legs: move whenever possible, avoid staying too long in the sitting or lying position and not crossing the legs when sitting, help to improve blood circulation and prevent the appearance of dilated blood vessels. See more tips on how to avoid dilated blood vessels in pregnancy;
  • Braxton-Hicks Contractions: Moving your body or doing physical exercises recommended by your doctor help relieve the discomfort of contractions. However, if the contraction is strong, very frequent or accompanied by other symptoms such as back pain, vaginal bleeding or liquid discharge, medical help should be sought immediately, as the woman may have gone into labor.Know how to identify the signs of labor.

It is important to follow medical recommendations, take supplements indicated by the obstetrician and eat a he althy diet including fresh fruits and vegetables and foods rich in calcium such as milk, yogurt or broccoli, for example, for the development of teeth and baby bones. Learn more about nutrition in pregnancy.

In addition, you should practice physical activities approved by your doctor, such as swimming, water aerobics or walking, to strengthen your muscles and control weight gain during pregnancy.

Popular topic