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Week of gestation: 26 weeks
Equals to month: 4th week of 6th month
Equals to days: 176 to 182 days of gestation
At the 26th week of pregnancy, the baby has all the brain cells formed and, although they are not all connected yet, the baby begins to develop the startle reflex, moving the head back, stretching the legs and opening your arms. In addition, the intestines are already formed, producing enzymes for the digestion of sugar, proteins and fats, and also already absorbing nutrients from the amniotic fluid.
During this week, some women may have Braxton-Hicks contractions, which are training contractions, considered normal in the second and third trimester of pregnancy.In addition, symptoms of reflux or heartburn, back pain, or leg cramps may continue and rib pain may develop.
In the 26th week of pregnancy, the baby's intestines continue to grow and develop, and they already absorb nutrients from the amniotic fluid, in addition to producing enzymes for the digestion of sugar, proteins and fats.
Baby's eyes are fully formed, but he still can't see very well or focus on an object. Most babies are born with lighter eyes and as the days go by, they darken, until they reach their normal color.
The baby is now able to hear sounds more clearly, being able to distinguish different voices, responding with movements to these sounds. The baby's skin is no longer translucent and a thin layer of fat can already be seen under the skin.
In this week of pregnancy, all of the baby's brain cells are already formed, but not all of them are connected.However, the baby begins to develop the moro reflex, also called the startle reflex, which are movements in which the baby moves his head back, stretches his legs and opens his arms.
If it's a boy, the testicles begin to descend into the scrotum, but sometimes babies are born with 1 testicle still inside the abdominal cavity. If it's a girl, it's possible that all the eggs are properly formed inside the ovaries.
Baby size and weight
Baby size at 26 weeks gestation is about 33.3 centimeters, measured from head to toe, and about 23.4 centimeters from head to butt, equivalent to the size of iceberg lettuce. Baby weight this week is about 902 grams.
Changes in a woman's body
At the 26th week of pregnancy, some women may continue to experience Braxton-Hicks contractions, also called training contractions, which are mild and considered normal in the second and third trimester of pregnancy.These contractions can make the belly harder at certain times of the day, due to the contraction and relaxation of the uterus muscles, preparing it for the future delivery.
At this stage of pregnancy, symptoms of reflux or heartburn, back pain, leg cramps, swelling in the legs and feet may continue and rib pain may develop due to the growth of the uterus and the baby's position in the womb. belly that can compress the ribs.
Care during the 26th week
At the 26th week of pregnancy, some precautions are important to help alleviate the discomforts that may arise, such as:
- Braxton-Hicks Contractions: Moving the body, changing positions, drinking more water, or taking a warm bath can help ease the discomfort of contractions. However, if the contraction is strong, very frequent or accompanied by other symptoms such as back pain, vaginal bleeding or liquid discharge, medical help should be sought immediately, as the woman may have gone into labor.Know the signs of labor;
- Reflux or heartburn: avoid lying down after a meal, eat at intervals shorter than 2 to 3 hours and in small amounts, avoid eating spicy or very spicy foods, or fried foods, can help alleviate this discomfort. See other tips on how to relieve reflux and heartburn in pregnancy;
- Back pain: not standing too long and avoiding crossing your legs when sitting, using a maternity brace to support your belly and back can help improve back pain. In addition, it is important to do exercises to stretch and strengthen the muscles of the back and pelvis, such as yoga or pilates, for example. Check out the best exercises to do in pregnancy;
- Leg cramps: massaging the calf, applying warm compresses, or using supplements such as calcium, magnesium, or vitamin B recommended by your doctor, can help reduce cramps;
- Swelling in the legs and feet: keep your body hydrated, drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day, sit or lie down with your feet up whenever possible, and do physical exercises recommended by your doctor to help improve circulation and lessen the discomfort of swelling. However, if the swelling doesn't improve, starts suddenly, or has swelling in your hands and face, you should seek medical help right away, as it could be a sign of preeclampsia. Learn more about preeclampsia and how it is treated;
- Rib pain: changing position so that you are more comfortable, using extra pillows when sitting or lying down, or gently pressing the abdomen for the baby to change position on the belly, can help alleviate this discomfort. However, if your rib pain is accompanied by other symptoms like shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, rapid or wheezing, or chest pain, you should seek medical help as soon as possible.
During the entire pregnancy, it is important to follow the medical recommendations, take vitamin supplements and folic acid, in addition to having prenatal consultations as instructed by the obstetrician.
In addition, you should do physical activities such as swimming, water aerobics, walking or yoga, and have a balanced and nutritious diet to ensure the proper functioning of the intestine, control weight gain and provide nutrients for he althy development of the baby. Learn more about nutrition in pregnancy.
At the 26th week of pregnancy, you can perform the blood tests requested by the doctor, such as blood count and urine, to take the results to the next prenatal consultation, which must be performed until the end of the 27th week of pregnancy.