General Practice 2022

Epidemic: what é, how to fight and differça with endemic and pandemic

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Epidemic: what é, how to fight and differça with endemic and pandemic
Epidemic: what é, how to fight and differça with endemic and pandemic

Epidemic can be defined as the occurrence of a disease in a region with a higher number of cases than is normally expected. Epidemics can be characterized as sudden-onset diseases that spread rapidly, reaching the greatest number of people.

To control the epidemic of an infectious disease, it is important that cases are reported to the he alth agency so that measures can be taken to prevent the spread of the disease to other locations. Some of the strategies that can be adopted to contain an epidemic is to avoid traveling and going to closed environments with a greater concentration of people, such as malls, cinema and restaurants.

Epidemics get complicated when the disease gets out of control, spreading to other places or countries due to travel and air travel or lack of adequate hygiene, becoming known as a pandemic, which is considered more serious due to the ease and speed of transmission.

How to fight an epidemic

The best way to fight an epidemic is to try to contain the virus and prevent it from spreading to other people. Thus, the recommendations of He alth Institutions must be followed, which may vary according to the disease and its form of transmission.

Still, the main actions that must be done are:

  1. Inform the hospital or he alth service of any suspected case of infection by a disease;
  2. Inform the hospital when you have been in contact with someone who has developed a disease and avoid contact with he althy individuals until you confirm that you have not acquired the disease;
  3. Wash your hands before and after meals, after using the toilet, after sneezing, coughing or touching your nose, and whenever your hands are dirty;
  4. Use gloves and masks whenever it is necessary to come into contact with another person's bodily secretions and/or wounds;
  5. Avoid touching common surfaces in public spaces, such as handrails, elevator buttons or door handles;

In addition, in order not to acquire the disease during an epidemic, it is important to avoid unnecessary trips to the hospital, he alth service, emergency room or pharmacies, as well as to take the vaccine against the disease, if any. However, some diseases, such as Ebola or Cholera, do not have vaccines capable of preventing the development of diseases and, in these cases, preventing contagion is the best way to avoid an epidemic. Learn how to avoid infectious diseases.

Quarantine during the epidemic

During an epidemic, quarantine is important to prevent the disease from spreading and reaching more people, giving rise to a pandemic.Quarantine is a public he alth measure in which he althy people who may have been exposed to the infectious agent related to the epidemic are separated and monitored to see if they develop the disease.

This is because many of the people who inhabit the place considered the center of the epidemic, for example, may be carriers of the infectious agent and do not develop the disease, but they can easily transmit the infectious agent to other people, spreading the disease. Find out how long the quarantine lasts and how it is done.

See what to eat during quarantine to keep from gaining weight:

Difference between endemic, epidemic and pandemic

Endemic, epidemic and pandemic are terms that describe the epidemiological situation of a given disease in a region or in the world. The term endemia refers to the frequency of a given disease and usually describes a disease that is restricted to only one region and that is influenced by climatic, social, hygienic and biological factors.Endemic diseases are usually seasonal, that is, their frequency may vary according to the time of year. Understand what is endemic and what are the main endemic diseases.

On the other hand, epidemic diseases are those that reach a greater proportion and spread rapidly regardless of the time of year. When an epidemic disease reaches other continents, it becomes pandemia, in which the infectious disease spreads uncontrollably to several locations, making it difficult to control.

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