General Practice 2022

How to treat an infectionçãotilde;o lungão and possícomplicationsções

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How to treat an infectionçãotilde;o lungão and possícomplicationsções
How to treat an infectionçãotilde;o lungão and possícomplicationsções

Treatment for pulmonary infection varies according to the microorganism responsible for the infection, and the use of antivirals may be indicated, in case the infection is due to a virus, or antimicrobials in case it is related to bacteria or fungi. It is important that, in addition to the medication prescribed by the doctor, the person remains at rest, has a he althy diet and drinks plenty of fluids to speed up recovery.

For the treatment to be more effective, it is important that the diagnosis is made as soon as the first symptoms appear, as this way there is a greater probability of eliminating the agent causing the infection and reducing the risk of complications.However, as most cases of infection are caused by bacteria, most of the time the doctor recommends the use of antibiotics even before the results of the tests, only from the evaluation of the signs and symptoms presented by the person.

How is the treatment

Treatment for pulmonary infection is done according to the infectious agent, and the use of:

  • Antibiotics, in case of bacterial infection, such as Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin, Ceftriaxone or Azithromycin;
  • Antifungals, in case of fungal infection, such as Itraconazole or Fluconazole, and in some cases antibiotics may also be recommended;
  • Antivirals, in case of Oseltamivir, Zanamivir or Ribavirin virus infection according to the virus responsible for the infection and severity of symptoms presented by the person.

Although the doctor often indicates the start of treatment with antibiotics, it is important that the use of medication is reassessed after the results of the tests, such as blood count, x-ray or sputum exam, so that the treatment is as appropriate as possible and the unnecessary use of medication is avoided.

Treatment in the hospital is usually only necessary in the case of a very advanced infection where drugs need to be given directly into a vein to take effect faster. These cases are more frequent in the elderly or children, as they have a more fragile immune system.

How to speed up recovery

Remedies for lung infection are very important to help with healing, however, there are some precautions that help strengthen the body and speed up recovery, such as:

  • Drink 2 liters of water a day, to keep the body well hydrated and help in the elimination of pulmonary secretions;
  • Avoid leaving home during treatment, to avoid transmission;
  • Do not use cough medicine without medical advice, as they prevent secretions from coming out;
  • Ping saline drops into the nostrils to help clear secretions and make breathing easier;
  • Sleep with a high pillow for easier sleep and easier breathing.

It is also advised to wear a mask and not to cough or sneeze near other people, especially in the case of an infection caused by a virus, to avoid the transmission of the disease. Food can also help a lot in recovery, so check out our nutritionist's tips to know what to eat during treatment:

These precautions are even more important in cases of pulmonary infection by viruses, because as there are no antivirals for all these types of microorganisms, it is necessary to help strengthen the immune system so that it is able to eliminate them faster.See more natural options to strengthen the immune system.

Possible complications

When the pulmonary infection is not properly treated, the infectious agent can further compromise the respiratory system, and the infection may progress to effusion, abscess and respiratory failure, for example. In addition, in some cases the microorganism can reach the bloodstream and spread to other parts of the body, characterizing generalized infection and increasing the risk of death.

For this reason, it is important that as soon as the first symptoms of pulmonary infection appear, such as a dry cough or with secretion, chest pain, difficulty breathing and high and persistent fever, for example, the person goes to a he alth department or emergency room to be evaluated by the general practitioner or pulmonologist in order to avoid complications. Know how to identify the symptoms of pulmonary infection.

Signs of improvement and worsening

Signs of improvement usually appear up to 3 days after starting treatment and include relief and reduction of symptoms, such as fever, cough and decreased amount of secretions.

Signs of worsening, usually appear when treatment is not being effective or when it is not started quickly, and include increased fever, difficulty breathing and coughing up bloody phlegm, for example, in addition to also increase the risk of complications, especially in people who have a more compromised immune system and respiratory system.

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