Bulas and Medicines 2022

Vaccina trí viral plice: what is it for, when to take it and side effects

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Vaccina trí viral plice: what is it for, when to take it and side effects
Vaccina trí viral plice: what is it for, when to take it and side effects
Anonim

The triple viral vaccine, also popularly known as "triviral vaccine", is a vaccine that is part of the vaccination schedule and is administered from 12 months onwards to protect against 3 viral diseases:

  • Measles;
  • Mumps;
  • Rubella.

The vaccine contains weakened forms of the viruses of these diseases which, although they cannot cause infection, are sufficient to train the immune system. The protection provided by the vaccine begins two weeks after application and is generally life-long.

Who should take it

The MMR vaccine is indicated to protect against measles, mumps and rubella viruses in adults and children over 1 year of age, preventing the development of these diseases and their possible he alth complications.

When to take

The vaccine should be administered in two doses, the first being administered at 12 months of age and the second between 15 and 24 months of age. After 2 weeks of application, protection begins, and the effect should last a lifetime. However, in some cases of an outbreak of any of the diseases covered by the vaccine, the Ministry of He alth may recommend an additional dose.

The MMR is offered free of charge by the public network, but it can also be found in private immunization establishments for a price between R$ 60.00 and R$ 110.00 reais. It should be administered under the skin, by a doctor or nurse, with a dose of 0.5ml.

It is also possible to associate the tetra viral vaccine with immunization, which also protects against chickenpox. In these cases, the first dose of MMR is given and, after 15 months to 4 years of age, the tetraviral dose should be applied, with the advantage of protecting against another disease. Learn more about the tetravalent viral vaccine.

Does the vaccine protect against COVID-19?

The MMR vaccine is being studied by the Research Center of the Federal University of Santa Catarina as a form of prevention against COVID-19 [1] So far, preliminary studies indicate that the vaccine can reduce the appearance of symptoms of infection by the new coronavirus by up to 54% and hospital admissions by up to 74%.

However, it is necessary for the study to be completed, as well as its data to be evaluated, to ensure that the vaccine is indeed effective against COVID-19. The UFSC Research Center also adds that the MMR vaccine does not act in the same way as vaccines developed specifically against COVID-19 [2]

Possible side effects

The most common side effects of the vaccine include fever above 38ÂșC, which lasts an average of 5 days, irritability, red eyes, runny nose, red spots on the body and sore tongues. In addition, reactions at the site of the bite, including redness, pain, itching and swelling at the injection site are also common.

See what to do to alleviate the main side effects of vaccination.

Who should not take it

The MMR vaccine is contraindicated in the following situations:

  • Pregnant women;
  • People with diseases that affect the immune system, such as HIV or cancer, for example;
  • People with a history of allergy to Neomycin or any of the components of the formula.

Furthermore, if you have fever or symptoms of infection, you should talk to your doctor before taking the vaccine, as the ideal is that you have no symptoms that could be confused with side reactions to the vaccine.

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