General Practice 2022

Chills: 7 main causes (and what to do)

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Chills: 7 main causes (and what to do)
Chills: 7 main causes (and what to do)

The chills are like shivers that cause involuntary contractions and relaxation of muscles throughout the body, being one of the body's mechanisms to generate more heat when you feel cold.

However, chills can also occur at the beginning of an infection and are usually associated with fever, causing episodes of shivering with pallor and a feeling of chilliness. They can be caused due to a feeling of cold, but also in case of fever, flu, cold, viral or bacterial infections, sore throat, mononucleosis, pneumonia, meningitis or pyelonephritis, for example.

The main causes of chills include:

1. Fever

Rising body temperature can cause chills, chilling the entire body. Fever can be emotional, mainly affecting children and the elderly, who are struggling, but it usually indicates that the body is fighting an infection, or that the person is overdressed.

What to do: you should take a slightly warm bath and avoid staying in hot places or under a blanket, for example. Drinking tea prepared with raspberry leaves is also good for lowering fever, but if this is not enough, it may be recommended to take Dipyrone or Paracetamol, and consult a doctor to find out what is causing the fever with chills. Discover other natural ways to lower your fever.

2. Cold and flu

Being in a cold place, with strong air conditioning and inappropriate clothing can also cause a feeling of cold, goose bumps and chills, but this feeling can also be present in a flu, for example.Other symptoms that help to identify the flu are: cough, sneezing, phlegm, nasal secretion, chest pain and difficulty breathing, but if there is persistence or worsening of symptoms associated with high fever, it is a sign of a more serious respiratory infection, such as pneumonia., for example, and you should go to the doctor to take the most indicated medications. Know how to recognize the symptoms of pneumonia.

What to do: When you have chills, try to dress warmly, but taking your temperature is also a prudent attitude. In case of a strong flu, you can take medicine to relieve the symptoms and that can be bought at the pharmacy, and you also need to rest and drink more water to recover faster. But if pneumonia is confirmed, antibiotics recommended by the doctor should be taken.

3. Throat infection

Sore throat, the presence of small white or yellow dots in the throat, may indicate tonsillitis, for example, which can also cause chills, fever and a feeling of being unwell.

What to do: Gargling with warm water and s alt can help clear your throat, eliminating microorganisms, but in that case you should go to the doctor for a evaluation, because you may need to take antibiotics. Check out more natural throat recipes.

4. Urinary tract infection

In the case of urinary infection, symptoms such as pain or burning when urinating, in addition to cloudy or lumpy urine. Malaise, headache and high fever with chills may indicate a worsening of the situation, and that bacteria may have developed and affected the kidneys, characterizing pyelonephritis.

What to do: you should go to the doctor because antibiotics are required for 7 to 14 days, but drinking more water and cranberry juice is a good strategy to complement the treatment. Know the remedies indicated for urinary infection.

5. Hypoglycemia

Reduced blood sugar can affect anyone, but it is more common with diabetes.Other symptoms that may be present in case of hypoglycemia are cold sweat, feeling dizzy, chills and malaise. Normally, this decrease in energy occurs when the person goes more than 3 hours without eating anything or when diabetics take their medication and do not eat or take it incorrectly. Know the symptoms of hypoglycemia.

What to do: You should increase the amount of sugar in your blood by ingesting some carbohydrate source, which can be sucking a candy, or drinking 1 glass of orange juice and eat 1 piece of buttered toast, for example. It is not recommended to eat chocolate, pudding or other very sweet foods to avoid uncontrolled diabetes.

6. Prostate changes

Men with an inflamed prostate may experience symptoms such as painful urination, decreased flow of urine, lower back pain, chills, and pain in the testicles.

What to do: You should go to the urologist for a consultation and perform tests that can indicate any change in the prostate and start the appropriate treatment, which may involve taking medication or surgery in the most severe cases.Learn all about an enlarged prostate.

7. Hypothyroidism

Decreased thyroid function, which is hypothyroidism, can cause symptoms such as lack of mood, tiredness, chills, difficulty concentrating, memory failure and weight gain.

What to do: A consultation with a general practitioner or endocrinologist may be indicated to investigate symptoms, perform blood tests that measure TSH, T3 and T4, and ultrasound thyroid can be useful to identify nodules that can interfere with the functioning of this gland. In addition to eating 1 Brazil nut a day, it is recommended to take medication to regulate the thyroid, under medical advice. Check out some natural recipes to control hypothyroidism.

In addition to these causes, there are also numerous other diseases that can cause chills, so it is always important to seek medical help to identify what is causing this symptom and how to treat it.

When to go to the doctor

If the chills become constant, you should go to the doctor, as it may be related to some disease that needs specific treatment. Therefore, whenever the chill persists for more than 1 day, the possibility of consulting a general practitioner should be considered.

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