General Practice 2022

Albendazole: what it is for, how to take it and side effects

Table of contents:

Albendazole: what it is for, how to take it and side effects
Albendazole: what it is for, how to take it and side effects
Anonim

Albendazole is an anthelmintic remedy indicated for the treatment of infections by worms or intestinal parasites, such as roundworm, oxyurus, trichuriasis, taeniasis (also known as solitary) or giardiasis, as it acts by causing the disintegration of the worm and its elimination through faeces.

This remedy can be found in pharmacies or drugstores, in the form of 400 mg tablets or oral suspension of 40 mg/mL or 4%. Its commercial name is Zentel, Albel or Parasin, but it can also be found in generic form as Albendazole.

Albendazole should only be used with medical indication, by adults or children, after confirmation by laboratory tests of the type of worm, which will allow the doctor to guide the treatment time, which can vary from 1 to 5 days.In addition, in some cases it is also possible to repeat the treatment after 2 to 3 weeks.

What is it for

Albendazole is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by intestinal worms, such as:

  • Wormworm (Ascaris lumbricoides);
  • Oxyurus (Enterobius vermicularis);
  • Hookworm (Ancylostoma duodenale or Necator americanus);
  • Tricuriasis (Trichuris trichiura);
  • Strongyloidiasis (Strongyloides stercoralis);
  • Taeniasis (Taenia spp);
  • Hymenolepiasis (Hymenolepis nana);
  • Opisthorchiasis (Opisthorchis viverrini);
  • Ccutaneous larva migrans.

Furthermore, albendazole may also be indicated by the doctor for the treatment of giardiasis in children. In this case, the tablet should be used for children over 2 years of age, and the oral suspension for children between 1 and 2 years of age.

Although it can be purchased without a prescription, this remedy should only be used with medical indication after evaluation of symptoms and laboratory tests to identify the presence of cysts, eggs or larvae of the parasites. Know how to identify the symptoms that may indicate the presence of intestinal worms.

How to take it

Albendazole must be taken orally, and there is no specific time to take it, such as morning, afternoon or evening. However, if taken for more than 1 day of treatment, it is recommended that doses are always taken at the same time.

Furthermore, taking albendazole does not require fasting or a special diet, nor do you need to use laxatives or purgatives to eliminate worms.

1. Albendazole tablet

Albendazole tablet can be chewed or taken with a little water. In the case of children over 2 years of age, the tablet can be crushed to facilitate ingestion.

Recommended doses of albendazole tablet depend on the type of worm causing the infection, as shown in the following table:

Worm to be treated

Age

Dose

Ascaris lumbricoides

Necator americanus

Trichuris trichiura

Enterobius vermicularis

Ancylostoma duodenale

Adults and children over 2 years of age 1 tablet of 400 mg in a single dose

Strongyloides stercoralis

Taenia spp.

Hymenolepis nana

Adults and children over 2 years of age 1 tablet of 400 mg daily for 3 days

Giardiasis

(Giardia lamblia, G. duodenalis, G. intestinalis)

Children from 2 to 12 years old 1 tablet of 400 mg daily for 5 days

cutaneous larva migrans

Adults and children over 2 years of age 1 400 mg tablet per day for 1 to 3 days

Opisthorchiasis

(Opisthorchis viverrini)

Adults and children over 2 years of age 2 400 mg tablets daily for 3 days

It is important to follow the medical guidelines regarding doses and treatment time, and in some cases, it may be necessary to repeat the treatment after 3 weeks.

2. Liquid albendazole or oral suspension

To take the oral suspension of albendazole, just drink the liquid, being important to shake the bottle well before drinking.

The oral suspension is sold at a dose of 40 mg/mL or 4%, and can be used by children over 1 year of age, as directed by the pediatrician.

Typically recommended doses of albendazole oral suspension are:

Worm to be treated

Age

Dose

Ascaris lumbricoides

Necator americanus

Trichuris trichiura

Adults and children over 2 years of age 400 mg, which corresponds to 10 mL of suspension, in a single dose
Children from 1 to 2 years old 200 mg, which corresponds to 5 mL of suspension, in a single dose

Enterobius vermicularis

Ancylostoma duodenale

Adults and children over 2 years of age 400 mg, which corresponds to 10 mL of suspension, in a single dose

Strongyloides stercoralis

Taenia spp.

Hymenolepis nana

Adults and children over 2 years of age 400 mg per day, which corresponds to 10 mL of suspension, for 3 days

Giardiasis

(Giardia lamblia, G. duodenalis, G. intestinalis)

Children from 2 to 12 years old 400 mg per day, which corresponds to 10 mL of suspension, for 5 days

cutaneous larva migrans

Adults and children over 2 years of age 400 mg per day, which corresponds to 10 mL of suspension, for 1 to 3 days

Opisthorchiasis

(Opisthorchis viverrini)

Adults and children over 2 years of age 2 doses of 400 mg per day, which corresponds to a total of 20 mL of suspension per day for 3 days

It is important that all family members, who live in the same environment, undergo treatment, according to medical advice.

Care during treatment

There are some precautions that are very important during treatment with albendazole, such as washing your hands frequently, especially before cooking and after defecating, and washing your underwear and bedding in boiling water.Check out other precautions that help ensure the success of treatment against intestinal worms.

Possible side effects

The most common side effects that may occur during treatment with albendazole are abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, or fever.

Albendazole can cause severe allergic reactions that require immediate medical attention. Therefore, you should stop treatment and seek the nearest emergency room if symptoms such as difficulty breathing, feeling of a closed throat, itching, redness of the skin, hives or swelling in the mouth, tongue or face appear. Know the symptoms of a severe allergic reaction.

Who should not take it

Albendazole should not be used by pregnant women, women who want to become pregnant or who are breast-feeding. In addition, it should not be used by people allergic to mebendazole or any other component of the formula.

Albendazole tablet should not be used by children under 2 years of age, and the oral suspension should not be used by children under 1 year of age.

Popular topic