General Practice 2022

Berne in humans: what é, main symptoms and treatment

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Berne in humans: what é, main symptoms and treatment
Berne in humans: what é, main symptoms and treatment

Burne in humans, also called furuncular myiasis or furunculosis, is an infectious disease caused by the fly of the Dermatobium hominis species, which has a gray color, black bands on the thorax and a metallic blue belly. The larvae of this fly can penetrate the person's skin, even if there are no lesions, and remain in the tissue, leading to the appearance of a sore with pus that causes a lot of pain.

These flies are usually found in humid and mountainous places, being uncommon in the Northeast of Brazil, and their control in these places is important. As soon as any sign indicating a berne appears, it is important that the larva is removed as soon as possible, otherwise it can favor the occurrence of more infections, complicating the person's he alth status.Here are some natural ways to get the berne fly out of your skin.

Main signs and symptoms

After the eggs are laid by the female fly, the larvae emerge from the eggs after about 6 days and are able to quickly penetrate the skin, even if it is intact, leading to the appearance of some signs and symptoms, the main ones being:

  • Formation of wounds on the skin, with redness and slight swelling at the site;
  • Release of a yellowish or bloody liquid from wounds on the skin;
  • Sensation of something moving under the skin;
  • Intense pain and itching at the wound site.

The diagnosis of berne in humans is made by the dermatologist or infectious disease specialist by observing the signs and symptoms presented by the person.

How to treat berne

It is important before removing the larva that it is killed, otherwise the spines found on its body can remain attached to the skin, which prevents its removal.One of the strategies to kill and remove the larva is through asphyxiation, in which you must put a tape in the place where the larva is and leave it for about 1 hour. Then, remove the tape and check if the larva is glued, if not, apply a little pressure on the place so that the larva comes out. It is important that the area is then treated with antibiotic ointments, which must be recommended by the doctor, to avoid the occurrence of infections.

The use of tweezers should only be done when even with light compression the larva does not come out, and it is recommended that this be done by the doctor to avoid infections. In more severe cases, the doctor may recommend performing a minor surgery to make a cut in the skin and widen the hole, allowing the larva to be removed, or the use of antiparasitic drugs to kill the fly larva. Learn more about the drug used to treat berne.

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