Frequent dizziness is often associated with ear problems such as labyrinthitis or Menière's disease, but it can also be a sign of diabetes, anemia, or even heart problems. Other symptoms may also appear associated with dizziness, such as lack of balance, vertigo and the sensation that the head is always spinning.
In addition to these causes, dizziness can also be a symptom of anxiety attacks, episodes of low blood pressure, vision problems, migraine, or appear on very hot days, during a bath with very hot water, when getting up suddenly or when alcoholic beverages are consumed excessively.
So, whenever dizziness is very frequent, happens more than 3 times a month without any apparent cause or is causing a lot of discomfort, it is advisable to go to the general practitioner to identify if there is a problem and start the most appropriate treatment.
Some of the most common causes for the presence of frequent dizziness and malaise are:
Dizziness, vertigo and lack of balance can be caused by labyrinthitis, which is an inflammation of a part of the ear, known as the labyrinth, which is responsible for hearing and balance. This problem is more common in the elderly, but it can happen at any age, especially in people who are very stressed or who have a history of frequent respiratory infections. Check out the signs that help to identify a labyrinthitis.
What to do: if labyrinthitis is suspected, it is important to consult an otolaryngologist or general practitioner to confirm the diagnosis and initiate appropriate treatment. Usually, treatment includes the use of medication prescribed by the doctor, such as anti-vertigo drugs, for the sensation of dizziness and vertigo, and antiemetics for vomiting, nausea and malaise.
2. Meniere's Disease
This is a relatively rare condition in which the inner ear is affected and therefore it is very common to experience dizziness associated with the sensation that everything is spinning around. Dizziness usually appears for periods, called crises, which can be more intense on some days than on others.
In addition to dizziness, Menière's disease also causes hearing loss for some frequencies, which can be confirmed with an audiometry test.
What to do: It is advisable to consult a general practitioner to identify if there is another cause that may be causing the dizziness, or to seek care with an otolaryngologist and start treatment suitable for Menière's disease which, although there is no cure, can be relieved with motion sickness remedies such as Promethazine and dietary changes. See more about this disease and how to treat it.
Low blood sugar, known as hypoglycemia, is a condition that can arise more frequently in patients with diabetes, especially when not properly treated.
In these situations, when the amount of sugar is very low, dizziness and malaise are common, in addition to other symptoms such as a feeling of falling, cold sweats, tremors or lack of strength, for example. Learn to spot the first signs of hypoglycemia.
What to do: if a hypoglycemic crisis is suspected, it is recommended to eat a food rich in simple carbohydrates, such as a glass of natural juice or 1 sweet bread, for example. If after 15 minutes the symptoms persist, or if they worsen, go to the emergency room. Ideally, patients with diabetes should have their blood glucose measured before and after eating food.
4. Blood pressure changes
Both high blood pressure and low blood pressure can cause dizziness and fainting. However, this symptom is more common when the pressure is low, with values lower than 90 x 60 mmHg.
In addition to dizziness, when the pressure is low, other symptoms such as weakness, blurred vision, headache and sleepiness can also appear. However, it is not always easy to distinguish high and low blood pressure because the symptoms are similar, and the best way to confirm is to measure the pressure with a device. Here are some ways to treat low blood pressure.
What to do: ideally you should measure your blood pressure to find out what the value is, in order to identify whether it is high or low blood pressure. However, when blood pressure variations are suspected, it is important to consult a general practitioner to identify if there is a problem that needs treatment.
Dizziness and malaise can also be a symptom of anemia, which is when there is a marked decrease in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood, which causes a reduction in the amount of oxygen and nutrients reaching the different body tissues.
In addition to dizziness, other symptoms are common, including pallor, weakness and excessive tiredness. Check out the main types of anemia and their symptoms.
What to do: to confirm if it is a case of anemia, it is advisable to consult a general practitioner to have a blood test to evaluate the hemoglobin values and start the treatment, if indicated. In most cases, treatment is focused on increasing the amount of iron in the body and, therefore, it may be advisable to increase consumption of foods rich in iron, such as beans and, in some cases, to take supplements.
6. Heart problems
When you have some kind of heart problem, dizziness or malaise is common, especially due to the heart's difficulty in pumping blood to the body. However, other symptoms can also arise such as chest pain, swelling in the legs and shortness of breath, for example.Here's a list of 12 signs that could indicate heart problems.
What to do: a cardiologist should be consulted whenever there is a suspicion of a change in the heart, so that tests, such as an electrocardiogram or an echocardiogram, are carried out to identify the cause and start the most appropriate treatment.
7. Use of some medications
Long-term use of some types of medication, such as seizure medications, antidepressants, antihypertensives, or sedatives can cause a side effect that causes dizziness and a feeling of weakness.
What to do: when you suspect that the dizziness is being caused by a medication, it is recommended to consult the doctor who prescribed the medication, so that the dose or medication can be changed..