Table of contents:
- Main symptoms
- What to do in a high blood pressure crisis
- Symptoms of high blood pressure in pregnancy
Symptoms of high blood pressure such as dizziness, blurred vision, headache or pain in the back of the neck usually only appear when the pressure increases very quickly, as happens in a situation of intense stress, after the use of some medication or use of some kind of drug.
In cases of high blood pressure (hypertension), in which the pressure gradually increases over the years due to bad habits, it is uncommon for symptoms to appear, as the body gradually adapts, which causes that high blood pressure is considered a "silent disease".
Therefore, if you suspect that you have high blood pressure, the best thing to do is to measure your blood pressure with a proper device, at home or at the pharmacy, to check if the pressure is really higher than recommended (140x90 mmHg).See how to measure blood pressure step-by-step.
Symptoms that may indicate that your blood pressure is too high can be:
- Pain in the back of the neck;
- Ringing in the ear;
- Small blood spots in the eyes;
- Double or blurry vision;
- Difficulty breathing;
- Heart palpitations.
These symptoms usually appear when the pressure is too high and, in this case, what you should do is go to the emergency room immediately or take the medicine prescribed by the cardiologist, immediately. Although high blood pressure is a silent disease, it can cause serious he alth problems, such as heart failure, stroke or vision loss, so it is recommended to check your blood pressure at least once a year.Learn how to differentiate the symptoms of low and high blood pressure.
What to do in a high blood pressure crisis
When the pressure rises suddenly, and symptoms such as headache, especially in the back of the neck, drowsiness, difficulty breathing and double vision appear, it is important to take the medicine prescribed by the doctor and rest, trying to relax. However, if high blood pressure remains above 140/90 mmHg after one hour, it is recommended to go to the hospital to take antihypertensive drugs in the vein.
If high blood pressure does not result in symptoms, you can have a glass of freshly squeezed orange juice and try to relax. After 1 hour of drinking the juice, the pressure should be measured again and, if it is still high, it is recommended to go to the hospital so that the best way to reduce the pressure is indicated. See some examples of home treatments that help control blood pressure at: Home remedy for high blood pressure.
Watch the video below for some tips to control high blood pressure:
Symptoms of high blood pressure in pregnancy
Symptoms of high blood pressure in pregnancy, also called preeclampsia, can include severe abdominal pain and very swollen legs and feet, especially towards the end of pregnancy. In this case, one should consult the obstetrician as soon as possible to initiate appropriate treatment and prevent serious complications such as eclampsia, which can harm the baby. Here's what to do to lower blood pressure without medication.