Table of contents:
The main symptoms of ovarian cyst are:
- Pain during ovulation period;
- Constant pain in the abdominal region;
- Swollen belly feeling;
- Delayed period or irregular menstruation;
- Back pain;
- Pain or discomfort during intercourse;
- Increased sensitivity of the breasts;
- Bleeding outside of menstrual period;
- Difficulty getting pregnant;
- Increase in weight.
Ovarian cyst symptoms can arise when the cyst grows, ruptures or twists, resulting in severe pain.Symptoms can also vary according to the type of cyst, therefore, it is necessary to go to the gynecologist for tests to be carried out to diagnose the presence, size and severity of the cyst.
Ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that can form inside or around the ovary and can result in pain, delay in menstruation or difficulty getting pregnant, for example. Learn more about ovarian cyst.
Online Symptom Test
To assess the chance of having an ovarian cyst, select, in the following test, the symptoms you present:
- 1.Constant abdominal or pelvic pain Yes No
- 2.Frequent feeling of swollen belly Yes No
- 3.Irregular menstruation Yes No
- 4.Constant pain in the back or flanks Yes No
- 5.Discomfort or pain during intimate contact Yes No
Make an appointment with a specialist
How to confirm the diagnosis
The diagnosis of ovarian cyst is made by the gynecologist initially from the evaluation of the signs and symptoms presented by the woman. Next, exams must be indicated to confirm the presence of the cyst and indicate its size and characteristics.
Thus, pelvic palpation and imaging tests such as transvaginal ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can be performed by the physician.
In some cases, the doctor may also request a pregnancy test, the beta-HCG, to exclude the possibility of ectopic pregnancy, which has the same symptoms, and also helps to identify the type of cyst that the woman owns.
How the treatment is done
Treatment for ovarian cyst is not always necessary, and should be recommended by the gynecologist according to the size, characteristics of the cyst, symptoms and age of the woman so that the best form of treatment can be indicated.
When the cyst does not present malignant characteristics and does not cause symptoms, treatment is usually not indicated, and the woman should be monitored periodically to verify the reduction of the cyst.
On the other hand, when symptoms are identified, the doctor may recommend the use of a contraceptive pill with estrogen and progesterone to regulate hormone levels or surgical removal of the cyst. In more severe cases, when there is torsion or suspicion of malignancy, complete removal of the ovary may be indicated. Learn more details about ovarian cyst treatment.