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Autistic spectrum symptoms in babies are usually noticed after 12 months of birth, and it can be seen that the baby has difficulty communicating and playing with other children, although no physical changes appear, it does not emit sounds and does not respond when called. In the presence of these signs, it is recommended that the pediatrician be consulted so that the signs can be better evaluated and ways to stimulate the baby can be suggested.
Autism is a disorder in which there are problems in communication, socialization and behavior, and the diagnosis can only be confirmed when the child is able to communicate and demonstrate the signs, which usually happens between 12 months old.Learn more about childhood autism.
Autistic spectrum disorder in babies can lead to the appearance of signs related to social skills, communication and behavior, which can be noticed between 12 and 24 months, the main ones being:
1. Not reacting to sounds
The baby is able to hear and react to this stimulus since pregnancy and when it is born it is normal to be startled when it hears a very loud noise, such as when an object falls close to it. It is also normal for the child to turn his face to the side where the sound of a song or a toy comes from and in this case, the baby with autism does not show any interest and does not react to any type of sound, which can leave his worried parents, thinking about the possibility of deafness.
The ear test can be performed and shows that there is no hearing impairment, increasing the suspicion that the baby has some alteration.
2. Make no sound
It is normal that when babies are awake, they try to interact, attracting the attention of parents or caregivers with small cries and moans. In the case of autism, the baby does not make any sounds because, despite not having any speech impairment, he prefers to remain silent, without interacting with others around him, so the autistic baby does not make sounds such as "drool", "ada" or "ohh".
Children over 2 years old should already form small sentences, but in the case of autism it is common that they do not use more than 2 words, forming a sentence, and are limited to just pointing out what they want using their finger of an adult or they repeat the words that are said to them several times in a row.
3. Absence of facial expressions
Babies can start smiling at around 2 months, and even though they don't know exactly what a smile means, they 'train' these facial movements, especially when they are around adults and other children.In the autistic baby, the smile may not be present and the child may always have the same facial expression, as if he was never happy or satisfied.
4. Refuse hugs and kisses
Usually babies like kisses and hugs because they feel safer and more loved. In the case of autism, there is a certain repulsion for closeness and that is why the baby does not like to be held, does not look into the eyes and may refuse very close contact, even with people they interact with daily.
5. No response when called
At 1 year of age the child is already able to respond when called, so when the father or mother calls for him, he can make a sound or go to him. In the case of the autistic, the baby does not respond, does not make any sound and does not address the caller, ignoring her completely, as if she had not heard anything.
6. Do not play with other children
In addition to not looking to be around other children, babies on the autism spectrum prefer to stay away from them, avoiding any kind of approach, running away from them.
7. Having repetitive movements
One of the characteristics of autism is the stereotyped movements, which consist of movements that are constantly repeated, such as moving the hands, hitting the head, hitting the head on the wall, rocking or having other movements more complex. These movements can begin to be noticed after 1 year of life and tend to remain and intensify if treatment is not started.
What to do if you suspect autism
If the baby or child presents some of these signs, it is recommended to consult the pediatrician so that it is possible to better evaluate the signs presented and, if the autistic spectrum is confirmed, it is possible to start treatment and follow-up, which may involve psychomotricity sessions, speech therapy and medication use, in some cases.
Usually, when autism is identified early, it is possible to do therapy with the child, in order to improve their communication and relationship skills, being possible to reduce the degree of autism and allowing them to have a life similar to that of others children your age.Check autism treatment details.