General Practice 2022

Anxiety symptoms: physical and psychological signs

Table of contents:

Anxiety symptoms: physical and psychological signs
Anxiety symptoms: physical and psychological signs

Anxiety symptoms can manifest on a physical level, such as a feeling of tightness in the chest and tremors, or on an emotional level, such as the presence of negative thoughts, worry, insecurity or fear, for example, and usually arise multiple symptoms at the same time.

These symptoms can arise in adults as a response to stressful situations such as taking a test or job interview, for example, being considered normal when they occur occasionally. In addition, anxiety symptoms can also occur in children, but the child may have a harder time explaining what they are feeling. Know how to identify the symptoms of anxiety in children.

However, when these symptoms occur daily for more than 6 months, the person may be suffering from anxiety and, in this case, a psychiatrist should be consulted for an evaluation and, if necessary, treatment started more suitable.

Online Anxiety Test

If you think you suffer from anxiety, please select how you have been feeling in the last 2 weeks:

  1. 1.Feeling nervous, anxious or on edge? Yes No
  2. 2.Feeling tired easily? Yes No
  3. 3.Have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep? Yes No
  4. 4.Have it been difficult to stop feeling worried? Yes No
  5. 5.Have difficulty relaxing? Yes No
  6. 6.Felt so worried that it was hard to stand still? Yes No
  7. 7.Feeling easily irritable or upset? Yes No
  8. 8.Feeling scared as if something really bad was going to happen? Yes No


Make an appointment with a specialist

Anxiety can lead a person to be unable to perform day-to-day tasks, as it can limit socializing with other people, so it is important to learn to control and, if possible, treat anxiety, and in some cases it is necessary to undergo treatment with a psychiatrist and/or psychologist. Here are some tips to control anxiety.

Physical and psychological symptoms of anxiety

In addition to psychological symptoms, anxiety can also manifest physically. This table presents a more complete list of the different symptoms that may appear:

Physical Symptoms

Psychological Symptoms

Nausea and vomiting Agitation and swing of legs and arms
Dizziness or feeling faint Nervousness
Shortness of breath or wheezing Concentration difficulty
Chest pain or tightness and heart palpitations Excessive worry
Tummy ache, may have diarrhea Constant fear
Biting your nails, feeling tremors and talking very fast Feeling that something bad is going to happen
Muscle tension causing back pain Out of control over your own thoughts
Irritability and difficulty sleeping Sensation of death

Usually people with anxiety experience several of these symptoms at the same time, especially at important moments or when it is necessary to expose themselves to other people, such as during presentations or meetings.In the case of children who experience anxiety, sometimes they only have one symptom and not several as in adults, so you should consult your pediatrician.

Possible causes

The causes of anxiety are not yet fully known, however, it is known that there are factors that can cause anxiety, such as genetic predisposition or how to deal with situations such as death or financial problems, for example.

The main factors that can cause anxiety are:

  • Biological: changes in neurotransmitters and specific areas in the brain responsible for emotions, such as the limbic system;
  • Environmental: Certain family, work or financial situations can generate anxiety and stress;
  • Psychological: Traumatic situations from the past that generate anxiety, for fear of repeating themselves.

Furthermore, anxiety can arise due to diseases such as hyper or hypothyroidism, asthma, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular or psychiatric diseases such as depression or personality disorders, for example.

Likewise, there are drugs and substances that can cause symptoms of anxiety, such as amphetamines, insulin, contraceptives, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages or caffeine, or even alcohol withdrawal syndrome.

In some situations, excessive use of social networks can also be responsible for causing anxiety, sadness, frustration or discomfort. Know which diseases the use of social networks can cause.

How the treatment is done

To control anxiety, you can take medicines recommended by the psychiatrist that help to reduce some of the symptoms, in addition to using medicinal plants that have a calming effect, always with medical advice. In addition, it is recommended to follow up with the psychologist.

1. Pharmacy Remedies

Pharmaceutical remedies for the treatment of anxiety should be recommended by the psychiatrist are antidepressants, anxiolytics and benzodiazepines, such as alprazolam, lorazepam, midazolam, venlafaxine, or duloxetine, for example, as they help to reduce symptoms.

It is important to emphasize that these remedies can take up to 2 to 4 weeks to have the desired effect, and you should always have the follow-up and guidance of the doctor.

2. Natural Remedies

Some examples of natural remedies that can be used for anxiety are:

  • Chamomile: has a calming action on the digestive and nervous system, creating a feeling of harmony, which helps calm in states of agitation and nervousness;
  • Tilia: has calming properties, helping to treat nervous system disorders such as excessive stress, anxiety.
  • Lettuce: helps to relax the muscles and nervous system.

In addition, techniques such as taking warm baths or receiving body massages help to relax and relieve tension, aiding in the treatment.

It is also recommended to see a psychologist for therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, to help understand the cause of anxiety and for the person to learn ways to act in situations that can cause anxiety.

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