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The main symptoms that mark the beginning of depression are lack of will to perform activities that gave pleasure, reduced energy and constant tiredness. These symptoms appear in low intensity but worsen over time, causing distress and inability to work or maintain interactions with other people, for example.
However, depression is curable and can be achieved with the correct diagnosis and treatment, which can be done with the use of antidepressants, anxiolytics and psychotherapy sessions. Check out how depression is diagnosed and treated.
The most common symptoms that may indicate depression include:
1. Feelings of emptiness or sadness
The presence of emptiness or sadness usually manifests itself through a sad face, droopy eyes looking at nothing, lack of brightness and crooked torso. It is still common for the person to have crying spells or to cry very easily, with speeches focused on pessimism, guilt and low self-esteem.
It is still common to have a feeling of worthlessness and, therefore, people who are developing depression feel like isolating themselves from friends and family, before thinking about more severe "solutions" such as suicide.
People who have depression report feeling different from "normal" sadness, which does not improve with the adoption of attitudes that relieve it and which is usually accompanied by a feeling of emptiness, apathy, disinterest and lack of desire to perform activities.
2. Unwillingness to perform activities that gave pleasure
This is the main symptom of depression and is present from the beginning of the disease, and may worsen as the disorder progresses. This is because depressive disorder can cause the person to have sudden and transient changes in mood, making them more susceptible to crying, for example.
Furthermore, in this situation, the desire to perform activities that were previously a reason for joy, such as playing instruments, watching movies and series, being with friends or going to parties, for example, disappears without the person being able to explain what reason, just feeling like doing nothing.
3. Lack of energy and constant tiredness
Lack of energy and constant tiredness, which prevent daily activities such as personal hygiene, eating, going to school or work, can indicate depression. Also, lack of motivation from not wanting to do any activity is a sign that depression is evolving.
Due to deep sadness, it is common to manifest irritability, fits of rage, causing symptoms such as tremors, uncontrollable urge to scream and even excessive sweating. In addition, some symptoms of anxiety and anguish may be associated.
5. Aches and pains in the body
Depression can also cause a constant headache, due to sleepless nights and mood swings, and there may also be a feeling of tightness in the chest and heaviness in the legs. In some cases, hair loss, weak nails, swollen legs and back and stomach pain can occur, due to low hormones. In addition to vomiting and tremors, known as psychosomatic symptoms.
6. Sleep problems
It is common that in cases of depression the person has terminal insomnia, in this type there is no problem falling asleep, however the person wakes up at dawn, around 3 or 4 in the morning and cannot go back to sleep at least until 10 am again, and after that, wake up very tired.
7. Loss of appetite
Loss of appetite and weight change during depression is the result of all the other symptoms together, as the person does not have the energy to get up, feels pain, is irritable and sleepy, for example. Which is also another factor to worsen weight loss, as the person usually eats only one meal a day, and usually at the insistence of family members.
Weight changes occur due to the low production of serotonin in the body, which is also responsible for the absorption of nutrients, and its reduction ends up causing excessive weight loss, in a short period of time, as the body does not absorb it. what to eat.
8. Lack of concentration
During depression, lack of concentration can arise, accompanied by memory loss, persistent negative thoughts and indecision with moments of enormous deconcentration that affects work, school and personal interactions.This symptom can be easily noticed, as people tend not to answer questions and stare at nothing for long periods of time, which also leads to a loss of sense of temporality.
9. Thoughts of death and suicide
The set of all the symptoms of depression can make the person have thoughts of death and suicide, because the feelings experienced in this disease give the feeling that it is not worth being alive, considering this a solution to escape the situation you find yourself in.
10. Abuse of alcohol and drugs
The abuse in the use of alcohol and drugs happens due to the presence of feelings such as sadness and deep anguish. The person in this case may need to feel joy and disconnect from the feelings caused by depression, which can be dangerous, as the abuse of these substances can lead to chemical dependence and overdose.
However, not all people with depression develop this symptom, so it is important to be aware of any sudden changes in mood that could indicate an addictive attitude.
Depressive disorder can sometimes interfere with mental and motor activity, which can make the person more agitated or slower, the latter being more common. In this way, depression can affect thinking, movements and the way of speaking, in which the person has pauses when speaking and short responses, or the opposite, in which the person has faster speech and repetitive movements with the hands and legs, for example. example.
Online Depression Test
This online test can help clarify whether there is really a risk of depression, if suspected:
- 1.I feel like doing the same things as before Yes No
- 2.I spontaneously laugh and have fun with funny things Yes No
- 3.Are there times during the day when I feel happy Yes No
- 4.I feel like I have a quick thinker Yes No
- 5.I like to take care of my appearance Yes No
- 6.I feel excited about good things to come Yes No
- 7.I feel pleasure when I watch a program on television or read a book Yes No