General Practice 2022

Pneumonia in childrença: symptoms, causes and treatment

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Pneumonia in childrença: symptoms, causes and treatment
Pneumonia in childrença: symptoms, causes and treatment

Pneumonia in children is an infection of the lung caused by bacteria or viruses that leads to the appearance of flu-like symptoms, which worsen over time and can be difficult to identify.

Childhood pneumonia is curable and rarely contagious, and should be treated at home with rest, fever medication, antibiotics and fluid intake, such as water and milk, for example.

Symptoms of pneumonia in children

Pneumonia symptoms in children may appear a few days after contact with the infectious agent responsible for the infection, and may be noted:

  • Fever above 38ยบ;
  • Cough with phlegm;
  • Lack of appetite;
  • Faster and shorter breathing, with opening of the nostrils;
  • Effort to breathe with a lot of movement of the ribs;
  • Easy fatigue, no desire to play.

It is important that the child is taken to the pediatrician as soon as the signs and symptoms indicative of pneumonia are verified, so that it is possible that the treatment is started soon after the diagnosis and complications such as respiratory failure and cardiorespiratory arrest are prevented, for example.

The diagnosis of pneumonia in children is made by the pediatrician through the evaluation of the signs and symptoms presented by the child and the respiratory rate, in addition to being usually recommended to perform a chest X-ray to verify the degree of impairment of the lungs. In addition, the doctor may recommend performing microbiological tests to identify the infectious agent related to the pneumonia.

Main causes

Pneumonia in children is caused in most cases by a virus and arises as a complication of the flu, and may be associated with adenovirus, human syncytial virus, parainfluenza and influenza type A, B or C, being in these cases called viral pneumonia.

In addition to the virus infection, the child can also develop bacterial pneumonia, which is caused by bacteria, which is in most cases related to Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus.

Treatment of pneumonia in children

Treatment of pneumonia in children may vary according to the infectious agent responsible for the pneumonia, and the use of antivirals or antibiotics, such as Amoxicillin or Azithromycin, for example, may be indicated, according to the microorganism and weight of the disease. child.

In addition, some precautions in childhood pneumonia that help treatment include:

  • Make nebulizations according to the doctor's instructions;
  • Maintain a good diet with fruits;
  • Offer enough milk and water;
  • Keep rest and avoid public spaces, such as daycare or school;
  • Dress the child according to the season;
  • Avoid drafts during and after bathing.

Hospital admission is reserved for the most serious cases in which it is necessary to undergo physiotherapy for childhood pneumonia, receive oxygen or give antibiotics in the vein. Understand how to treat pneumonia in children.

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