General Practice 2022

6 causes of a burning nose and what to do

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6 causes of a burning nose and what to do
6 causes of a burning nose and what to do

The burning sensation in the nose can be caused by several factors, especially weather changes, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis or even menopause. Thus, the sensation of a burning nose is usually not serious, although it can cause a lot of discomfort. However, if the burning is accompanied by fever, dizziness or nosebleeds, it is recommended to go to the doctor, so that the correct diagnosis can be made.

The nose is responsible for heating and filtering the air, preventing the entry of microorganisms and polluting substances, such as dust, for example. Thus, the nose corresponds to one of the body's defense barriers, however some situations can dry the nose mucosa and cause a burning or stinging sensation.The 6 main causes of burning nose are:

1. Climate change

Dry weather is the main cause of burning nose. This is because hot or too dry air dries out the airways, which makes the person feel their nose burn when they breathe, for example.

In addition to dry weather, being exposed to air conditioning for a long time can dry out the mucosa and lead to a burning nose.

What to do: One of the ways to avoid a burning nose caused by dry weather is to put a basin with water in the room, as it helps to make the air a little humid. In addition, it is important to drink plenty of water and perform a nasal wash with 0.9% saline. See how to wash your nose.

2. Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by the presence of irritating substances, such as dust, pollen, animal hair or feathers, perfume or disinfectants, for example.These substances cause irritation of the mucosa, leading to a runny nose and itching in the nose, in addition to causing a burning sensation. Find out what causes allergic rhinitis and how to treat it.

What to do: To avoid allergic rhinitis, it is important to clean the house well, identify the agent causing the allergy and avoid it. In more severe cases, the allergist may recommend the use of antihistamine medications or allergy shots.

3. Sinusitis

Sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses characterized by headache, heaviness in the face, runny nose and, consequently, a burning sensation. Sinusitis can be caused by both Influenzae viruses and bacteria, and it is important to identify the infectious agent so that the treatment established by the doctor is effective.

What to do: Treatment for sinusitis is defined by the doctor according to its cause: antibiotics, when caused by bacteria, or anti-flu, when caused by viruses.In addition, nasal decongestants can be used to relieve the feeling of heaviness in the head. Understand what sinusitis is and how to treat it.

4. Flu and cold

Both the flu and the cold can cause a burning nose, due to irritation of the mucosa due to the presence of viruses in the airways, sneezing and a runny nose. Know the difference between the flu and a cold.

What to do: To fight both the flu and the cold, it may be recommended to take medication to relieve symptoms, such as Paracetamol, in addition to drinking plenty of fluids, such as juices and water.

5. Medicines

Some medications have the drying of the nasal mucosa as a side effect, such as nasal sprays or decongestants. Some sprays have substances that can irritate the nose, which can increase susceptibility to infections, for example.

What to do: If the burning in the nose is related to the use of medication, it is important to go to the doctor to have the medication discontinued and replaced.In the case of nasal decongestants, the doctor may indicate the use of one that does not contain chemical substances that cause irritation.

6. Sjogren's Syndrome

Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease caused by inflammation of various glands in the body, leading to dryness of the mouth, eyes and, more rarely, the nose. Here's how to identify and diagnose Sjogren's syndrome.

What to do: As soon as symptoms such as dry mouth, difficulty swallowing, difficulty speaking, dry eyes and sensitivity to light appear, it is important to consult a rheumatologist to confirm the diagnosis and start of treatment.

When to go to the doctor

It is recommended to go to the doctor when the burning in the nose lasts for more than a week and when other symptoms appear, such as:

  • Difficulty breathing;
  • Headache;
  • Sore throat;
  • Nosebleed;
  • Fainting;
  • Dizziness;
  • Fever.

In addition, if there is dryness of the mucous membranes, such as the mouth, eyes and genitals, it is important to consult a doctor, as it may be more serious diseases, such as Sjogren's syndrome, for example.

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