General Practice 2022

Remédias for infectionsção urinaryária (from farmácia and natural)

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Remédias for infectionsção urinaryária (from farmácia and natural)
Remédias for infectionsção urinaryária (from farmácia and natural)
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The most recommended remedies for urinary tract infection by the doctor are antibiotics, antiseptics or analgesics, such as nitrofurantoin, scopolamine or methenamine and methylthioninium chloride, as they help to eliminate the bacteria causing the infection and relieve symptoms such as pain or burning when urinating, urge to urinate frequently, or a feeling of heaviness in the bladder, for example.

Urinary infection is caused by bacteria from the intestine, especially Escherichia coli, which reach the urinary system, being more common in women, due to the proximity between the urethra and the anus, leading to the appearance of symptoms that may be accompanied by a constant low-grade fever or very dark, strong-smelling urine.Find out if you have a urinary tract infection by taking an online symptom test.

In addition to the remedies prescribed by the doctor, some homemade options can help relieve symptoms and complement medical treatment, such as cranberry juice or bearberry syrup, as they have a diuretic and anti-inflammatory action, helping relieve symptoms of urinary tract infection.

1. Antibiotics

Some of the most suitable antibiotics to treat a urinary tract infection, which can be prescribed by the doctor, and bought at the pharmacy with a prescription are:

  • Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin): the recommended dose is 1 capsule of 100 mg every 6 hours for 7 to 10 days;
  • Fosfomycin (Monuril): the recommended dose is 1 sachet of 3 g in a single dose, or every 24 hours, for 2 days, which should be taken from preferably with an empty stomach and bladder, preferably at night, before going to bed;
  • Sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim (Bactrim or Bactrim F): The recommended dose for adults is 1 tablet of Bactrim F or 2 tablets of Bactrim every 12 hours for no longer than minimum 5 days or until symptoms disappear;
  • Fluoroquinolones, such as ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin: the recommended dose varies with the type of medication used, according to medical advice;
  • Penicillins or cephalosporins, such as amoxicillin, cephalexin, or ceftriaxone: the recommended dose also varies depending on the drug prescribed.

If it is a severe urinary tract infection, treatment in the hospital may be necessary, with administration of antibiotics into the vein.

Usually, symptoms of a urinary tract infection disappear within a few days of treatment, however, it is important that the person takes the antibiotic for as long as the doctor has determined.

2. Antispasmodics and analgesics

Usually, urinary tract infection causes unpleasant symptoms such as pain and burning when urinating, frequent urge to urinate, abdominal pain or a feeling of heaviness in the bottom of the belly and, therefore, the doctor may prescribe antispasmodics such as flavoxate (Urispás), scopolamine (Buscopan or Tropinal) and hyoscyamine (Tropinal), which are medicines that relieve all these symptoms associated with the urinary tract.

Furthermore, although it has no antispasmodic action, phenazopyridine (Urovit or Pyridium) also relieves the pain and burning characteristic of urinary infections, as it is an analgesic that acts on the urinary tract.

3. Antiseptics

Antiseptics such as methenamine and methylthioninium chloride (Sepurin) can also help symptoms such as burning or painful urination, in addition to preventing the infection from getting worse and reaching the kidneys or bladder as it also has antibacterial action. which helps eliminate bacteria from the urinary tract and prevent recurrent infections.

4. Supplements

There is also a wide variety of supplements that have in their composition red cranberry extract, known as cranberry, which may be associated with other components, which act by preventing the adhesion of bacteria to the urinary tract, and promote the reconstitution of a balanced intestinal microflora, creating an adverse environment for the development of urinary infections, being therefore very useful as a complement to treatment or to prevent recurrences.

Learn other benefits of cranberry capsules.

5. Vaccine

Uro-Vaxom is a vaccine indicated for the prevention of a urinary tract infection, in the form of tablets, composed of components extracted from Escherichia coli, which acts by stimulating the body's natural defenses, being used to prevent recurrent infections of the urinary tract or as an adjunct in the treatment of acute urinary tract infections.

Learn how to use this medicine.

Home remedies for urinary tract infection

A homemade solution to relieve the symptoms of a urinary tract infection is to drink cranberry juice, bearberry syrup or goldenrod tea, for example. Learn how to prepare these natural remedies.

In addition, diuretic foods such as onions, parsley, watermelon, asparagus, soursop, cucumbers, oranges or carrots are also great complements to the treatment of infection, as they help to eliminate urine, contributing to the elimination of bacteria. See other natural tips in the following video:

Remedies for children and pregnant women

If urinary tract infection occurs in children or pregnant women, medications and dosage may be different.

Child urinary tract infection

In children, treatment is often done using the same type of antibiotics, but in syrup form.Thus, the treatment should always be indicated by the pediatrician, and the recommended dose varies according to the child's age, weight, symptoms, severity of infection and microorganism responsible for causing the infection.

Urinary tract infection in pregnancy

Remedies for urinary infection in pregnancy should be prescribed by the obstetrician, and should be used with great caution, so as not to harm the baby. The antibiotics for urinary tract infection that are considered the safest to take during pregnancy are penicillins or cephalosporins.

How to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections

There are women who suffer from urinary tract infections several times a year and, in these cases, the doctor may recommend a preventive treatment to avoid recurrences through the daily intake of a low dose of antibiotics, such as Bactrim, Macrodantin or fluoroquinolones for about 6 months or taking a single dose of antibiotic after close contact if the infections are related to sexual activity.

Furthermore, to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections, the person can also take long-term natural remedies or immunotherapy.

In addition to natural remedies and options, during treatment for urinary tract infection, it is recommended not to take any other medication without the doctor's knowledge and to drink about 1.5 to 2 liters of water a day, which helps to eliminate bacteria from the body.

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