General Practice 2022

Treatment for urinary infectionçãurinary infectionária: antibiotics and home remedies

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Treatment for urinary infectionçãurinary infectionária: antibiotics and home remedies
Treatment for urinary infectionçãurinary infectionária: antibiotics and home remedies

Treatment for a urinary tract infection is usually done with the use of antibiotics prescribed by a doctor, such as Ciprofloxacin or Phosphomycin, to fight excess bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, that may be causing the infection.

However, there are also some home remedies, such as cranberry juice, that can help treat the infection when it is still in its infancy or that can be used to complete medical treatment.

In addition, it is also important to take some precautions, such as drinking water and maintaining proper intimate hygiene, to help with recovery and prevent the infection from returning.

Recommended medicine list

The two main types of medication used to treat a urinary tract infection are antibiotics, which kill the bacteria, and pain relievers, which help relieve symptoms during the first few days.

1. Antibiotics

Antibiotics should only be used when recommended by a doctor and the most common ones indicated to treat this type of infection include:

  • Phosphomycin;
  • Ciprofloxacin;
  • Levofloxacin;
  • Cefalexin;
  • Amoxicillin;
  • Ceftriaxone;
  • Azithromycin;
  • Doxycycline.

These antibiotics should be taken until the last day the doctor prescribed them, even if the symptoms have disappeared. This is because, when you stop taking the drug before the indicated period, bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, may not be completely eliminated, generating a new urinary infection.

In babies older than 2 months, the pediatrician usually recommends other antibiotics, such as amoxicillin with clavulanate or sulfamethoxazole with trimethoprim, for example.

2. Analgesics

Phenazopyridine is the main analgesic prescribed by the doctor, because it reduces spasms and anesthetizes the bladder and urethra, relieving symptoms such as pain when urinating or burning. This medication can be purchased in pharmacies under the name of Pyridium or Uristat, for example.

In addition, the most common pain relievers, such as Paracetamol or Ibuprofen, may also be indicated to help relieve some symptoms, especially when they are not very intense.

Learn more about the main remedies used to fight urinary infection.

Natural treatment option

A great natural treatment for urinary tract infection is the consumption of a fruit called cranberry, in its natural form, in the form of juice or in capsules.Cranberry has a high content of proanthocyanidins, substances that make it difficult for Escherichia coli bacteria to adhere to the urinary tract, helping to fight the disease. Check out other home remedies for urinary tract infection.

However, most urinary infections can be prevented only with adequate water intake and, therefore, it is recommended to drink at least 2 liters of water per day.

Watch this video with other tips to help fight a urinary tract infection faster:

How to cure urinary tract infection in pregnancy

Treatment for urinary infection in pregnancy is also done with the use of antibiotics, and the safest drugs at this stage are amoxicillin and cephalexin, which can be used at any period of pregnancy, but must be used only on the recommendation of the obstetrician.

Learn more about treating urinary tract infections during pregnancy.

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