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Obesity is a disease characterized by excess weight, and easily identified through the value of the relationship between weight, height and age. Inadequate eating habits are usually attributed to an exaggerated calorie intake associated with a sedentary lifestyle that contributes to an increase in fat reserve and body weight and also to an increased risk of diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, impotence and even infertility.
These diseases caused by obesity are normally controlled and often cured once the weight loss process begins.
Exercise at least 3 times a week such as water aerobics, small half-hour daily walks or cycling help to prevent diseases linked to obesity such as diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, breathing difficulties and decreased fertility in men and women.
The increase in caloric intake causes the insulin produced by the body to be insufficient for all the sugar that is ingested in food, accumulating in the blood. In addition, the body itself begins to resist the action of insulin, facilitating the development of type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes is easily reversed with weight loss and some physical activity.
2. High cholesterol
In addition to the visible fat on the belly, thighs or hips, obesity also causes the accumulation of fat inside the blood vessels in the form of cholesterol that increases the risk of stroke or heart attack, for example.
Excess fat accumulated inside and outside the blood vessels makes it difficult for blood to pass through the body, forcing the heart to work harder, which not only increases blood pressure but can lead to heart failure long term.
4. Breathing problems
The excessive weight of fat on the lung makes it difficult for air to come in and out, which usually leads to a potentially fatal syndrome, which is sleep apnea. Learn more about this issue.
5. Impotence and infertility
Hormonal disorders caused by excess fat can not only increase the amount of hair on a woman's face but also lead to the development of a polycystic ovary that makes conception difficult. In men, obesity compromises blood circulation throughout the body, interfering with erection.
In addition to all this, excess weight and poor diet are related to an increased risk of colorectal cancer and prostate cancer in men. In women, obesity can cause cancer of the breast, endometrium, ovaries and bile ducts.
How to know if you are obese
Obesity is considered when the body mass index (BMI) is equal to or greater than 35 kg/m². To find out if you are at risk of developing these diseases, enter your personal data here and take the test:
To avoid isolation and depression common among obese people and more frequent the more severe the obesity, it is important to follow a plan and establish rules that must be followed regardless of the will.
Watch the video to see how to lose weight in a he althy way so you don't get fat again.