General Practice 2022

Pré-diabetes: what é, symptoms and how to treat

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Pré-diabetes: what é, symptoms and how to treat
Pré-diabetes: what é, symptoms and how to treat

Prediabetes is a condition that precedes diabetes and serves as a warning to prevent the progression of the disease. The person can know that they are pre-diabetic in a simple blood test, where they can observe the levels of glucose in the blood, even in fasting.

It is considered pre-diabetes when fasting glucose is between 100 and 125 mg/dl and diabetes when the value is above 125 mg/dl, while the value considered normal for fasting glucose is up to 99 mg /dl. Thus, when the person has fasting blood glucose levels above 100 mg/dl, it is important to be monitored regularly by the doctor in order to check if the levels regularize or if diabetes develops.

If in addition to increased blood glucose values, there is accumulation of belly fat, enter your data in this test to find out your risk of developing diabetes:

Know your risk of developing diabetes

Illustrative image of the questionnaire
  • Male
  • female
  • Less than 40 years
  • Between 40 and 50 years old
  • Between 50 and 60 years old
  • Over 60 years
  • Larger than 102 cm
  • Between 94 and 102 cm
  • Smaller than 94 cm
  • Yes
  • No
  • Two more times a week
  • Less than twice a week
  • No
  • Yes, 1st degree relatives: parents and/or siblings
  • Yes, 2nd degree relatives: grandparents and/or uncles

Symptoms of pre-diabetes

Prediabetes does not have any symptoms and this phase can last from 3 to 5 years. If during this period the person does not take care of himself, he is very likely to develop diabetes, a disease that has no cure and needs daily control.

The only way to know if a person has diabetes is through tests. Normal fasting blood glucose is up to 99 mg/dl, so when the value is between 100 and 125, the person is already in pre-diabetes. Other tests that also serve for the diagnosis of diabetes are the glycemic curve and the glycated hemoglobin test. Values ​​between 6.0% and 6.4% are indicative of pre-diabetes. Learn more about testing for prediabetes and diabetes.

These tests can be performed when the doctor suspects diabetes, when there is a family history or at an annual check-up, for example. To find out if the glucose test is normal and if there is a risk of prediabetes, select the test performed in the calculator below and enter your result:

How to treat prediabetes and prevent diabetes

To treat pre-diabetes and prevent the progression of the disease, one must control the diet, reducing the intake of fats, sugar and s alt, and increasing the consumption of foods rich in fiber and proteins such as brown rice, dark leafy vegetables and beans, for example, as they help fight excess blood sugar. Check out other foods that help prevent diabetes.

In addition to diet, it is important to practice physical activity on a regular basis, so that the excess sugar in the blood can be used to provide energy for exercising, helping to prevent diabetes.

It is also important that blood glucose levels are measured regularly, so that it is possible to verify that blood sugar levels are within the expected range and that pre-diabetes is under control, in addition to being possible to assess the risk of developing diabetes and the need to start drug treatment.See how to measure blood glucose at home.

Check out the following video for some exercise options that can be performed in pre-diabetes to avoid diabetes:

Is pre-diabetes curable?

People who follow all medical guidelines and adjust their diet and regular practice of physical activity can normalize their blood glucose, preventing progression to diabetes. But after reaching this goal, it is important to maintain this new he althy lifestyle so that blood glucose does not rise again.

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