Diet and Nutrition 2022

10 simple tips to manage diabetes

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10 simple tips to manage diabetes
10 simple tips to manage diabetes
Anonim

To control diabetes it is necessary to undergo a change in lifestyle, such as quitting smoking, maintaining a he althy and natural diet, low in sweets and carbohydrates in general, such as bread, rice or pasta, in addition to to avoid alcoholic beverages and to practice physical activity on a regular basis.

Furthermore, it is very important that all medical indications about treatment that may involve medication, insulin and monitoring of blood sugar levels, are made at the correct times and in the indicated way.

Some tips to help control diabetes, keeping values ​​below 130 mg/dl fasting and below 180 mg/dl after meals, can be:

1. Record blood sugar values

Recording on a paper the blood glucose values ​​verified by the glucometer before and after meals, can help in the observation of which foods can be consumed without bringing risks and which ones should be avoided, and thus adapting the treatment to that is effective and reduces the risks that diabetes when uncontrolled can bring he alth.

2. Reduce consumption of certain fruits alone

Consuming fruits with high levels of carbohydrates, such as persimmon, figs, fruit from the count, papaya and dried fruits, can increase the possibilities of glycemic peaks, thus deregulating diabetes, and that is why it is recommended to eat fruits that are richer in fiber, such as strawberry, melon and avocado. Check the list of fruits that are recommended for diabetics.

3. Avoid sweets

Sweets can raise blood glucose as they are fast-absorbing foods, disrupting diabetes and increasing the risk of disease complications. In this way, whenever possible, it is recommended to avoid eating sweets or when eating, after a s alty meal.

4. Reducing alcohol consumption

Consumption of alcohol in excess can lead to hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia for the diabetic, due to overload of the liver, which is responsible for regulating blood sugar, and which in this case will also metabolize alcohol. See what is the safe amount of alcohol for diabetics to consume.

5. Do not go more than 3 hours without eating

When the diabetic goes more than 3 hours without eating, there is a great possibility of dysregulating diabetes and hypoglycemia, which can lead to loss of consciousness and in more severe cases lead to a coma.See other symptoms of hypoglycemia and learn how to identify.

6. Maintain ideal weight

Maintaining the ideal weight for age, sex and height is very important to effectively regulate blood glucose, as people with diabetes and who are overweight or obese, with a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 25kg/m², may have impaired glycemic control, due to the decrease in glucose uptake by insulin, in addition to presenting more risks for heart disease and stroke.

7. Eliminate the use of cigarettes

Nicotine, the main component of cigarettes, can interfere with blood glucose levels, thus making it difficult to control diabetes. nicotine is eliminated from the body, reduces the risk of retinopathy, heart disease and brain damage, all complications of diabetes that are related to smoking.Check out the home remedies that can help you quit smoking.

8. Controlling blood pressure

Blood pressure and diabetes are closely linked, that's because over the years, diabetes makes the body's arteries more stiff, and if blood pressure is not controlled, the chances of developing high blood pressure can increase, which increases the possibility of stroke.

9. Avoiding some types of medication

Drugs that can potentially harm the pancreas, deregulate the levels of insulin, which is produced by this organ. What prevents the sugar from being taken into the cells, causing it to remain in the bloodstream and uncontrolled diabetes.

Therefore, the following medications should be avoided:

  • Amoxicillin;
  • Clavulanate;
  • Chlorpromazine;
  • Azithromycin;
  • Isoniazid;
  • Paracetamol;
  • Codeine;
  • Mesalazine;
  • Simvastatin;
  • Furosemide;
  • Enalapril;
  • Methyldopa;
  • Amiodarone;
  • Azathioprine:
  • Lamivudine;
  • Losartana.

So, if it is necessary to undergo any treatment involving these drugs, the doctor in charge must know about diabetes, whether it is controlled or not and how many years the person has lived with this condition, so that the evaluation if it is really safe to use the drugs.

10. Practice regular physical activity

The regular practice of physical exercises helps to control diabetes because it reduces the levels of fat in the blood, controls weight, improves blood circulation, and even helps the heart to pump blood more properly.

How to control hypoglycemia

To control the hypoglycemia that appears when blood sugar drops excessively, falling below 70 mg/dl, it is necessary to give the person sugar water or a glass of orange juice, for example. These foods will make the sugar go up and the person will feel better. Understand what else can be done in cases of hypoglycemia.

How to control hyperglycemia

To control hyperglycemia, which is excess blood sugar, it is necessary to give the person the medication prescribed by the doctor to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood. It is still recommended to prevent blood sugar from rising again by decreasing or eliminating sweets such as cakes, soft drinks, puddings or ice cream from food and practicing physical activity, such as walking after meals. Find out what to do if hyperglycemia occurs.

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