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Type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes symptoms

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Type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes symptoms
Type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes symptoms

The main symptoms of diabetes are usually intense thirst and hunger, excessive urination and significant weight loss, and can manifest at any age. However, type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood and adolescence, while type 2 diabetes is more related to overweight and poor diet, appearing mainly after the age of 40.

So, in the presence of these symptoms, especially if there are also cases of diabetes in the family, it is recommended to take a fasting glucose test to check the blood sugar level. If diabetes or pre-diabetes is diagnosed, treatment should be started to control the disease and prevent its complications. To help control, see a good example of home remedy for diabetes.

The treatment of diabetes is done according to the guidance of the endocrinologist or family doctor and is usually done with the use of medications that help to reduce the concentration of glucose in the blood, such as Metformin for example, and application of synthetic insulin in some cases. However, it is important to have a proper diet and regular physical activity. Understand how diabetes treatment is done.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms

The early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes are more common in people who are overweight, obese, or have a high-sugar and high-fat diet.

To find out if you may have type 2 diabetes, select your symptoms here:

  1. 1.Increased thirst Yes No
  2. 2.Constantly dry mouth Yes No
  3. 3.Frequent urge to urinate Yes No
  4. 4.Frequent fatigue Yes No
  5. 5.Vision is blurred or blurry Yes No
  6. 6.Wounds that heal slowly Yes No
  7. 7.Tingling in the feet or hands Yes No
  8. 8.Frequent infections such as thrush or urinary tract infection Yes No


Make an appointment with a specialist

In the presence of these symptoms, it is important to go to the doctor to confirm the diagnosis and start the appropriate treatment, avoiding excess blood sugar and serious complications. See which tests the doctor can use to confirm diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is closely related to insulin resistance, that is, this hormone cannot get the glucose present in the blood into the cells. The treatment for this type of diabetes can be done with the use of insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents, in addition to physical exercises and a balanced diet.

Type 1 diabetes symptoms

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood, but some people can take until early adulthood to show symptoms, and they are very rare after age 30.

To find out if a child, teenager or young adult may have type 1 diabetes, select the symptoms:

  1. 1.Frequent urge to urinate, even at night Yes No
  2. 2.Excessive thirst feeling Yes No
  3. 3.Excessive hunger Yes No
  4. 4.Weight loss for no apparent reason Yes No
  5. 5.Frequent fatigue Yes No
  6. 6.Unjustifiable drowsiness Yes No
  7. 7.Itchy all over the body Yes No
  8. 8.Frequent infections such as thrush or urinary tract infection Yes No
  9. 9.Irritability and sudden mood swings Yes No


Make an appointment with a specialist

In addition, children and adolescents may also experience dizziness, vomiting, apathy, breathing difficulties and drowsiness when the blood glucose level is very high.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce insulin, causing the body to be unable to use the sugar present in the blood. It is not easy to live with a chronic disease such as diabetes, which has no cure, as it ends up negatively affecting a person's life.

Gestational diabetes

The symptoms of gestational diabetes are the same as those of type 2 diabetes, such as excessive thirst and hunger, increased urge to urinate, and which are easily confused with pregnancy symptoms. These symptoms can appear at any stage of pregnancy and, therefore, the doctor will ask for a blood glucose test and glucose tolerance test, called GTT, on about 2 occasions during pregnancy to control the rate of blood sugar.

If not well controlled during pregnancy, diabetes can cause complications for the mother and baby, such as premature birth, preeclampsia, excess weight in the baby and even fetal death. See more about the main complications of gestational diabetes and how to treat them.

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