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To reduce blood sugar levels, it is important to pay attention to food, giving preference to whole foods and avoiding excess carbohydrates and sugar, and to practice physical activity on a regular basis, so that it is possible to avoid peaks of blood glucose and the accumulation of sugar in the circulation.
Excess blood sugar, scientifically called hyperglycemia, occurs when the fasting blood glucose level is above 100 mg/dL, a situation that, if persistent, can have bad consequences for the functioning of the organs. Therefore, whenever these symptoms appear, it is important to consult the general practitioner or endocrinologist for clinical evaluation and initial tests that identify blood glucose levels, as well as blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride levels, for example., situations that are also risks to cardiovascular he alth.
How to lower your blood sugar
To lower blood sugar levels, it is important to follow the guidelines of the general practitioner or endocrinologist, being normally recommended:
- Use antidiabetic medications, such as Metformin, Glibenclamide, Glimepiride, Gliclazide or Insulin, in the case of people already diagnosed with diabetes;
- Having a he althy diet, avoiding excess sugar or carbohydrates, and investing in vegetables and whole foods, especially for people with pre-diabetes;
- Have small meals throughout the day, with an average interval of 3 hours, so it is possible to avoid blood glucose spikes;
- Do not replace meals with sweets or fruits, as this can cause blood glucose levels to rise rapidly;
- Practice physical activity on a regular basis, such as walking, jogging or weight training, as the sugar consumed can be used as a source of energy, preventing large concentrations from circulating in the body.
Furthermore, in the case of diabetes and pre-diabetes, it is important that the person is regularly monitored by the doctor and nutritionist, so that it is possible to check the evolution of blood glucose levels and make changes in the plan of treatment or diet.
Nutritional monitoring in pre-diabetes plays a fundamental role, because through a change in eating habits it is possible to prevent the progression to diabetes. Learn how to identify and treat prediabetes.
How to know if your sugar levels are high
To know if your blood sugar levels are high, it is important to take a fasting glucose test, also known as a fasting glucose test, in which glucose levels are considered to be high when it is checked concentration above 100 mg/dL.It is normally considered diabetes when the glucose concentration is above 126 mg/dL in at least two different dosages, or above 200 mg/dL in a single dosage.
In addition to the fasting glucose test, the doctor may also request other tests such as the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), postprandial glucose or glycated hemoglobin, which informs about glucose levels in the last three months. Learn more about tests that confirm diabetes.
To confirm high blood sugar levels, the doctor also evaluates signs and symptoms that the person may be experiencing and that are indicative of hyperglycemia, such as excessive thirst, increased urge to urinate, headache, tingling in the hands or feet and drowsiness, for example. Check out other symptoms of hyperglycemia.