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Gardnerella: what é, main symptoms and treatment

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Gardnerella: what é, main symptoms and treatment
Gardnerella: what é, main symptoms and treatment

Gardnerella vaginalis and Gardnerella mobiluncus are two bacteria that normally live in the vagina without causing any symptoms. However, when they multiply in an exaggerated way, they can cause an infection popularly known as bacterial vaginosis, which leads to the production of greyish-white and strong-smelling discharge.

Treatment is done with antibiotic drugs, such as Metronidazole or Clindamycin, in the form of an oral tablet or ointments that must be applied to the vagina, although, in some cases, healing can be achieved only with proper washing of the region..

Gardnerella infection occurs more frequently in women, as the bacteria are part of the normal vaginal microbiota, but men can also be infected through condomless intercourse with an infected partner.

Symptoms of Gardnerella

The presence of Gardnerella manifests itself differently in women and men, presenting one or more of the following symptoms:

Symptoms in a woman Symptoms in Man
White or gray discharge Redness in the foreskin, glans or urethra
Small blisters in the vagina Pain when urinating
Unpleasant odor that intensifies after unprotected intimate contact Itchy penis
Pain during intimate contact Yellow discharge in the urethra

In many men, it is more common than Gardnerella sp.does not cause any symptoms and therefore treatment may not be necessary either. However, if it becomes very frequent in women, the doctor may recommend that the man also undergo the treatment, as it may be passing it back to the woman, especially if they practice intimate contact without a condom.

Furthermore, if there is infection at the same time as other bacteria, women may have inflammation in the uterus and tubes, which can lead to infertility if treatment is not carried out.

What causes Gardnerella infection

There is no specific cause for this type of infection, however it is more common in women with risk factors such as multiple sexual partners, cigarette use, regular practice of vaginal washing or use of an IUD as a contraceptive method.

Thus, genital infection by Gardnerella is not considered an STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection) and the incubation period of the disease is from 2 to 21 days, which is the time when the bacteria are present but not manifest. the symptoms.

How is the infection diagnosed

The diagnosis of infection can be made in a gynecological office, where the doctor can observe the signs of infection, especially the presence of discharge and the characteristic odor. In addition, to confirm the diagnosis, the doctor may recommend performing a vaginal culture, in which vaginal secretions are collected for microbiological analysis.

From the analysis of the secretion, it is possible to have confirmation of the bacteria responsible for the infection and, thus, the appropriate treatment can be started.

In the case of men, the diagnosis must be made by the urologist through the analysis of symptoms and evaluation of penile secretion.

How the treatment is done

Gardnerella infection is easily cured and its treatment is usually done with antibiotic drugs, such as Metronidazole, Secnidazole or Clindamycin, taken in pill form, or applied as ointment in the intimate region.

Generally, the treatment lasts about 7 days for the antibiotic pills, or 5 days for the creams. During this time, adequate intimate hygiene should be maintained, washing only the external genital region with neutral or appropriate soap for the region.

In pregnancy, treatment should only be done with the antibiotic in pill, recommended by the gynecologist, and adequate hygiene in the region. Learn more about the treatment and how to do the home treatment.

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