Table of contents:
Psoriasis treatment can be done with the use of anti-inflammatory creams or ointments, which reduce itching and keep the skin properly hydrated.
Exposing the affected area to the sun first thing in the morning or late afternoon without sunscreen also helps to control the lesions. However, in the most serious cases, phototherapy can be used, which consists of exposure to UVA and UVB rays in dermatological clinics, for the time and frequency determined by the doctor. Learn more details about phototherapy treatment.
Changing your diet is also important to help control psoriasis. In this case, it is recommended to eat more organic foods, with little spices and fats, to detoxify the body. The less processed or processed foods you eat, the better.
As evaluated and recommended by a dermatologist, treatment to treat psoriasis may include:
1. Use of creams or ointments
In cases of mild psoriasis, the use of moisturizing creams or ointments is recommended, as they help keep the skin moist and hydrated, especially if used right after bathing. In addition to being the cheapest option, it is possible to notice improvement of the lesions after a week of use.
The most commonly used are:
- Thicker moisturizing creams or Vaseline;
- Creams with vitamin D, tar or retinol;
- Ointments with corticosteroids, such as dexamethasone or hydrocortisone for example.
In cases of scalp lesions it is still possible to use special shampoos. Learn more about treating scalp psoriasis.
The drugs have an anti-inflammatory action and prevent the growth of lesions that already exist, being used in cases of moderate to severe lesions, according to the evaluation and orientation of the dermatologist.
The types of medication used can be in the form of pills or injectables:
- Immunosuppressants or immunomodulators, such as methotrexate, cyclosporine, and apremilast;
- Biological agents, which are considered the most effective for treatment, such as adalimumab and brodalumab, for example.
This type of treatment should not be performed during pregnancy due to the risk of affecting the baby, but it is up to the doctor to make this decision, after evaluating the risk/benefit of the treatment for the woman.
Medicines that strengthen the immune system can also help fight psoriasis lesions, such as multivitamins, probiotics, propolis, vitamin D supplements, among others.
Learn more about the types of medications used to treat psoriasis.
3. Use of ultraviolet light
Using ultraviolet light, also known as phototherapy, helps to control skin lesions, as in addition to having an anti-inflammatory effect, it also prevents the growth of damaged cells. This treatment is indicated for the most serious lesions, it is done 3 times a week and always accompanied by a dermatologist.
Which doctor to consult
The most suitable physician to guide the treatment of psoriasis is the dermatologist, who will evaluate the skin changes and discuss the different treatment options.
Natural treatments for psoriasis
In addition to conventional treatments, the dermatologist can also suggest other ways to help improve skin lesions.
Watch the video to learn more about alternative treatments for psoriasis:
Proper nutrition is also a great way to fight psoriasis. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid fatty, highly spiced, processed and industrialized foods, giving preference to the consumption of natural, raw, cooked or grilled foods in a simple way.
It is also recommended to invest in the consumption of foods rich in omega 3, such as sardines and salmon, and foods rich in beta-carotene, which are all yellow-orange, in addition to avoiding all sources of caffeine, such as coffee, black tea, mate, dark chocolate and all peppers. See more about how diet helps with psoriasis.
S alt water bath
Bathing in sea water along with sun exposure can also be used as a treatment for psoriasis. That's because sea water is rich in mineral s alts that help in healing the skin.
Cleaning with squirrelfish
An alternative treatment for psoriasis is to clean the affected area with a red-tailed fish. This is a species of captive-bred fish that feeds on skin damaged by psoriasis. Treatment should be daily and each session lasts, on average, half an hour.
How to do treatment by SUS
Many of the proposed treatments have a high cost, as is the case of some medications and phototherapy, however it is possible to have access to many of them through the SUS. The treatments currently available are:
- Drugs such as cyclosporine, methotrexate, acitretin, dexamethasone;
- Biological agents such as adalimumab, secukinumab, ustekinumab and etanercept.
To have access to treatments made available free of charge by the SUS, a clinical evaluation and referral made by the dermatologist is required.