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The main remedies indicated to treat ringworm of the skin, nails, scalp, feet and groin include antifungals in ointments, creams, lotions and sprays, although in some cases the use of pills is necessary. There are several options, and some of the most used include Terbinafine, Fluconazole, Clotrimazole, Miconazole or Itraconazole, for example.
Treatment is guided by the doctor according to the type of mycosis and the severity of the lesions formed, and usually lasts about 1 to 4 weeks, however, it can last for months in cases of mycosis of the scalp or nails for example.
The most common mycoses that affect people are known as ringworm, mycosis of the nail, chilblains, candidiasis, white cloth and mycosis of the groin, for example, and they are all caused by fungi that live in the environment and can cause lesions on the skin when they manage to bypass the body's protective barriers.Learn about the main types of skin ringworm and how to identify them.
1. Ringworm of the skin
Skin mycoses, whether of the groin, candidiasis, white cloth, chilblains or impingement, which are the most well-known, are treated with topical antifungal agents, and some of the main options that can be indicated by doctors are:
- Naftifine (1% cream or gel)
- Terbinafine (1% cream or solution)
- Butenafine (1% cream)
- Clotrimazole (1% cream, solution or lotion)
- Econazole (1% cream)
- Ketoconazole (1% cream, shampoo)
- Miconazole (2% cream, spray, lotion or powder)
- Oxiconazole (1% cream or lotion)
- Sulconazole (1% cream or lotion)
- Ciclopirox (1% cream or lotion)
- Tolnaftate (1% cream, solution or powder).
Treatment usually lasts from 1 to 4 weeks. The medication used and the duration of treatment are determined by the doctor, according to the type of lesion presented by each person.
It is important to apply the remedy about 3 to 4 centimeters beyond the edges of the mycosis and after application it is important to let the skin absorb all the product before getting dressed or wearing shoes.
In some cases, especially when the lesions are severe or occupy a large area, it may be necessary to use the medication in tablet versions, such as Terbinafine 250mg or Fluconazole 150mg, for example. Check out more tips on how to treat ringworm.
2. Ringworm of the beard or scalp
In these cases, the use of ointments is not enough to treat correctly, so, in addition to the ointments, creams or lotions used in mycosis of the skin, the doctor will also indicate the use of pills.
Some indicated tablet options include Terbinafine 250mg, Fluconazole 150mg or Itraconazole 100mg, for example for about 90 days.
3. Nail ringworm
Treatment of mycosis of the toenail is the longest, and can last from 6 months to 1 year, especially in cases of mycosis of the toenail, which have a slower growth. The main form of treatment is the use of nail polishes and lotions, such as amorolfine, which can be applied to the affected nail 1 to 2 times a week.
For effective treatment, especially when nail involvement is more severe, the doctor may recommend tablets such as Fluconazole 150mg or Itraconazole 100mg for 6 months to 1 year, depending on the severity of the injury or response to treatment.
Another more comfortable option is laser treatment, called photodynamic therapy, performed in weekly sessions for 1 to 3 months, capable of eliminating the fungus and promoting nail growth. Learn more about treatment for mycosis of the nail.
The use of home remedies can be useful to complement the clinical treatment of ringworm, but these home remedies should not be used exclusively to treat any type of ringworm. Check out some homemade recipes in homemade treatment for ringworm.
Also, some habits are recommended that can help fight ringworm and facilitate recovery, such as:
- Keep the region clean and dry;
- Avoid staying with wet or damp clothes or shoes;
- Do not share clothing or shoes;
- Avoid going barefoot in public places, especially those with higher humidity, such as saunas and bathrooms.
In addition, it is necessary to observe whether the animals in the house have lesions suggestive of ringworm, as it is possible that they are transmitting fungi, which will cause new infections in the future.