Skin Diseases 2022

Impingem: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

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Impingem: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment
Impingem: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Impingum, popularly known as impinge or simply tinea or tinea, is a fungal infection that affects the skin, leading to the formation of reddish lesions that can flake and itch over time. Depending on the type of fungus, there may still be changes in the scalp, such as hair loss and intense dandruff.

The fungi that cause impingement are called dermatophytes and, therefore, the infection can also be called dermatophytosis. These fungi are those that have the highest affinity for keratin, which is a protein present in the skin, hair and fur and, therefore, the symptoms are noticed in these regions.

Pinging is more frequent in children and the elderly, but it can happen at any age due to some factors such as having direct contact with another affected person, having poor hygiene or having excessive sweating, especially in the groin, trunk, armpits and neck.

Main symptoms

The most characteristic symptom of impingement is the appearance of a red patch on the skin, rounded and with well-defined edges that can peel and itch.

It is still common to see:

  • Itching in the region, which can end up spreading the fungus to other regions of the body, leading to the appearance of more spots;
  • Slight swelling at the site;
  • Skin peeling;
  • Scalp flaking and hair loss on the spot, in case the fungus affects the scalp.

Symptoms can persist for several days and the patches can easily spread to nearby areas if not treated promptly with antifungal medication prescribed by a doctor.

It is important to consult a dermatologist as soon as the first spots appear, because despite not being a serious infection, the impingement is quite uncomfortable and contagious, and can be easily transmitted to other people.

How to confirm the diagnosis

The diagnosis of impingement is made by the dermatologist through a dermatological examination, in which the characteristics of the skin lesions are observed.

Other tests can also be performed, such as scraping the lesion, microbiological analysis and Wood's lamp examination, in which the doctor evaluates the fluorescence of the stain when exposed to UV light, which is useful for the identification of some types of fungi and performing a differential diagnosis. Understand what it is and how the Wood's lamp exam is performed.

What causes impingement

Pinging happens due to the excessive growth of fungi that are naturally found in the skin, which are called dermatophytes. The growth of these fungi is favored when the place is very hot and humid, as in the case of skin folds.

In addition, there are other factors that facilitate the growth of fungi such as:

  • Living in a hot and humid place;
  • Having close contact with an affected person;
  • Sharing clothes with someone who has a yeast infection;
  • Wearing clothing that is too tight and/or made of synthetic material;
  • Not having proper body hygiene, especially after sweating;
  • Having a chronic disease such as diabetes;
  • Having a weakened immune system.

Impening can also be transmitted by animals, especially if there are domestic animals in the house that have some kind of skin change. Thus, the ideal is to take the animal to the veterinarian regularly, to identify problems such as impingement, which can be treated quickly, reducing the risk of transmission to people.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for skin impingement must be indicated by a dermatologist and is usually done with the use of antifungal creams and ointments that must be applied to the lesion site to eliminate excess fungi and relieve symptoms.

The main antifungals used for the treatment of impingement are:

  • Clotrimazole;
  • Ketoconazole;
  • Isoconazole;
  • Miconazole;
  • Terbinafine.

Typically, these remedies should be applied directly to the affected areas for 2 weeks, even after the symptoms have disappeared, to ensure that all the fungus has been eliminated. Check out all the remedies and ointments indicated for the treatment of impingement.

During treatment, it is also recommended to maintain good personal hygiene, keep all areas well washed and dry, avoid sharing personal objects and avoid scratching the wounds, as this can increase the risk of disease transmission.

In addition to treatment with antifungals, some home remedies can be indicated as a way to complement the treatment, as they have antimicrobial properties and help to strengthen the immune system. Check out some home remedy options for impingement.

How to prevent

The fungi responsible for impingement can easily pass from one person to another and, therefore, it is important to take some precautions to catch the infection, such as:

  • Keep the skin always dry and clean, especially the folds, such as armpits, groin and neck;
  • Avoid sharing personal items such as towel, hairbrush and clothes;
  • Avoid direct contact with other people's stains;
  • Have a he althy diet low in sugar, as it can facilitate the development of fungi.

If there is any change in the skin, it is important to consult the dermatologist so that the diagnosis is made and the treatment started, which can also prevent the spread of other people.

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