General Practice 2022

8 causes of white spots on the skin and what to do

8 causes of white spots on the skin and what to do
8 causes of white spots on the skin and what to do
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White spots on the skin can appear due to several factors, which may be due to prolonged exposure to the sun or a consequence of a fungus infection, for example, which can be easily treated with creams and ointments that can be indicated by the dermatologist. However, white spots can also be indicative of skin problems that require longer treatment, such as dermatitis, hypomelanosis or vitiligo, for example.

When a spot appears on the skin, it should be noted its size, where it is located, when it appeared and if there are other symptoms such as itching, dry skin or peeling of the skin. After that, what you should do is make an appointment with a dermatologist so that the correct cause can be identified, and then start the most appropriate treatment.

Some possible causes of white spots on the skin and their proper treatment are:

1. Skin ringworm

Skin ringworm, popularly known as white cloth or beach ringworm, is one of the main causes of white spots on the skin. Mycosis of the skin is a fungal infection that leads to the appearance of patches that may or may not itch and that can spread over large areas of the body.

Despite the name beach ringworm, the person probably had ringworm before, but only noticed it after going to the beach, because the affected area doesn't get tanned. Normally, the fungus that causes this mycosis naturally inhabits the skin, but due to some alteration it can multiply and inhibit the production of melanin at the site, resulting in the white spot, which appears more frequently on the trunk and back.

What to do: It is recommended to apply an antifungal ointment indicated by the dermatologist, which can be Isoconazole, Ketoconazole or Miconazole, in addition to the use of shampoo, soaps and gels to complement the treatment.To prevent other people in the house from being affected, each person should use their own bath towel and not share their clothes. See some ointments used to treat ringworm.

2. Sun spots

Sometimes fair-skinned or dark-skinned people get tanned when they go to the beach or pool and after a few days the skin peels off, giving rise to small white spots that appear especially on the arms, chest and back.

What to do: It is important to hydrate the skin daily, and always apply sunscreen before going out in the sun because this skin is thinner and more sensitive, and is at greater risk. of burn. The ideal is to hydrate your skin very well about 10 days before going to the beach and always eat foods rich in vitamin A such as carrots, tomatoes, boiled eggs, papaya and mango, for example, because the more hydrated the skin is, the lower the risk. to flake off and become stained.

3. Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a type of skin inflammation that occurs most often in babies, but can appear at any age. Usually, dermatitis causes the appearance of red spots, in plaques or lumps, but when they disappear, they can make this place more whitish. See how to identify and treat atopic dermatitis.

What to do: It is usually necessary to use corticosteroid medication prescribed by a dermatologist, such as Fenirax, twice a day. In addition, the skin should be kept hydrated, and an antihistamine remedy may also be necessary to relieve itching.

4. White freckles

Light brown people can develop several small white freckles that can appear on the hands, arms or legs, especially after age 40. This usually happens in people who have very fair skin or who have spent many years in the sun without sunscreen.

What to do: It is advised to adequately protect your skin from the sun by always using sunscreen when you go to the beach or pool, or whenever you spend more than 15 minutes directly exposed to the sun. Sun.Wearing a hat with gloves on your hands can also be useful to prevent the sun's rays from worsening skin lesions.

Learn more about white freckles.

5. Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a disease that leads to the appearance of large white spots on the skin, which can even affect the inside of the mouth. Its cause is not fully known but it is believed that it happens due to a genetic change or due to some change in the immune system, where the body starts to fight melanocytes. Learn more about vitiligo and treatment options.

What to do: the doctor may indicate treatments such as phototherapy or application of creams and ointments with corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressants, to understand the best option in each case. One of the medications that may be indicated is Melagenina plus which stimulates the production of melanocytes and melanin, evening out the skin tone.

6. Hypomelanosis

Hypomelanosis, also known as mestizo hypomelanosis, is a condition in which some parts of the body become lighter than the person's skin tone and, although sun exposure improves the contrast, the affected parts always remain lighter. clearer than the rest of the body. This type of skin change is more common in people who have some type of allergy.

What to do: Despite not needing any specific treatment, sun exposure in the early morning or late afternoon can be useful to try to even out the skin tone person's. See more about treating hypomelanosis.

7. Tuberous sclerosis

Also known as Bourneville disease or just Epiloia, tuberous sclerosis is characterized by the appearance of white patches isolated from each other that can affect any part of the body, although it is more common on the trunk. They are often identified for the first time in babies or children up to 6 years of age, and there may be as few as 1 or more than 100 spots spread across the body.

What to do: you should consult a dermatologist to confirm the diagnosis and start treatment to avoid complications such as seizures or even kidney problems. Understand better what tuberous sclerosis is and how it is treated.

8. Nutritional deficiencies

Decreased absorption or consumption of some vitamins and minerals can also lead to the appearance of white spots on the skin. The main vitamins and minerals that can lead to the appearance of white spots when they are in low amounts in the body are calcium, vitamin D and E.

What to do: in these cases it is important to change eating habits, giving preference to foods that are rich in these nutrients, such as milk and dairy products, sardines, butter and peanuts, for example.

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