Heart Diseases 2022

Cardiologist: what é, what diseases to treat and when to consult

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Cardiologist: what é, what diseases to treat and when to consult
Cardiologist: what é, what diseases to treat and when to consult
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The cardiologist is the doctor responsible for taking care of heart he alth, being able to identify changes in the cardiovascular system and indicate the most appropriate treatment. Consultation with the cardiologist is indicated mainly when the person has symptoms such as chest pain or excessive tiredness, for example.

In addition, consultation with the cardiologist should take place annually for men over 45 and women over 50 who do not have a history of heart problems. In the case of a family history of heart disease, the doctor may indicate that annual consultations start at 30 for men and 40 for women.

If the diagnosis of cardiac alterations has been made, regardless of age, the cardiologist may also recommend that consultations be carried out every 6 months, or as directed, so that tests are carried out to assess the functioning of the heart and be the effectiveness of the treatment and the need for adjustment were verified.

What diseases does the cardiologist treat

The cardiologist is the doctor responsible for evaluating the functioning of the heart and, thus, identifying any changes that may arise related to the heartbeat and blood flow, for example.

The cardiologist is the doctor responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of some conditions, such as:

  • Arrhythmia;
  • Heart failure;
  • Infarction;
  • High or low pressure;
  • Congenital changes in the heart;
  • Valvular heart disease;
  • Endocarditis;
  • Myocarditis.

In addition, the cardiologist can be consulted in the case of infections that have led to the appearance of cardiac symptoms, such as rheumatic fever, which can be a consequence of Streptococcus pyogenes infection, and Chagas disease, whose parasite can lead to to cardiomegaly, which is an enlarged heart.Find out about other cardiovascular diseases.

When to make an appointment

If there is no family history of serious cardiac alterations, it is recommended that annual consultations with the cardiologist take place from the age of 45 onwards. However, if there is a family history, the doctor may recommend that the annual consultation take place after the age of 30.

On the other hand, in the case of a diagnosis of heart disease, follow-up with the cardiologist needs to happen more regularly, and it may be recommended that an appointment be made every 6 months or according to the doctor's guidance according to the disease and its severity.

In addition, it is important that the cardiologist is consulted immediately when there are signs and symptoms that may be indicative of heart problems, such as shortness of breath at rest, chest pain, excessive tiredness, dizziness and frequent fainting, for example. Here are 11 signs that may indicate heart problems.

Symptom test for heart problems

To know if the symptoms you are experiencing could be indicative of heart problems and if it is necessary to consult a cardiologist, select your symptoms in the following test:

  1. 1.Frequent snoring while sleeping Yes No
  2. 2.Shortness of breath at rest or exertion Yes No
  3. 3.Chest pain or discomfort Yes No
  4. 4.Persistent dry cough Yes No
  5. 5.Blue color on fingertips Yes No
  6. 6.Frequent dizziness or fainting Yes No
  7. 7. Palpitations or tachycardia Yes No
  8. 8.Swelling in legs, ankles and feet Yes No
  9. 9.Excessive fatigue for no apparent reason Yes No
  10. 10.Cold sweat Yes No
  11. 11.Poor digestion, nausea or loss of appetite Yes No

Result:

Make an appointment with a specialist

Exams for the heart

Some tests that the doctor may indicate to check if the patient has any changes in the heart are:

  • Echocardiogram: This is an ultrasound of the heart that allows obtaining images of the different structures of the heart in motion. This exam analyzes the size of cavities, heart valves, heart function;
  • Electrocardiogram: is a quick and simple method that records the heartbeat by placing metallic electrodes on the patient's skin;
  • Ergometric test: is a stress test, which is used to detect problems that are not seen when the person is at rest, being the test performed with the person running in the treadmill or pedaling an exercise bike at a fast pace;
  • Magnetic resonance: is an imaging test used to obtain images of the heart and chest.

In addition to these tests, the cardiologist may indicate more specific tests or laboratory tests, such as CK-MB, Troponin and myoglobin, for example. See more about tests that assess the heart.

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