Heart Diseases 2022

Atheromatosis aórtica: what é, symptoms and treatment

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Atheromatosis aórtica: what é, symptoms and treatment
Atheromatosis aórtica: what é, symptoms and treatment

Aortic atheromatosis, also known as atheromatous disease of the aorta, occurs when there is accumulation of fat and calcium in the wall of the aorta artery, interfering with blood and oxygen flow to the body. This is because the aorta is the main blood vessel in the body, being responsible for ensuring the arrival of blood to various organs and tissues.

Thus, as a result of the deposition of fat and other elements in the aorta, there is an obstruction and difficulty for the passage of blood, increasing the risk of clot formation and the person having a heart attack or stroke, for example.

This disease occurs mainly in men over 50 years of age and women after menopause, and treatment varies according to the severity of atheromatosis, and the cardiologist may indicate surgery to unclog the artery and restore flow of blood to the body.

Symptoms of aortic atheromatosis

Atheromatosis of the aorta is a slow and progressive process that normally does not lead to the appearance of signs or symptoms, being discovered only during routine blood and imaging tests. However, when the artery is very obstructed, it is possible that some symptoms arise, such as:

  • Chest pain;
  • Difficulty breathing;
  • Confusion;
  • Weakness;
  • Change of rhythm and heart rate.

It is important to consult the cardiologist as soon as you start to present symptoms of aortic atheromatosis, especially if you are in the risk group for the development of the disease. Thus, the doctor may indicate the performance of blood tests, electrocardiogram, ultrasound, Doppler exam and arteriography so that the diagnosis is made and the treatment can then be started.

Who is most at risk

The risk factors that favor the development of aortic atheromatosis are the same as those related to atherosclerosis. Thus, people who have a family history, who have high blood pressure, cholesterol or triglycerides, diabetes, are over 50 years old and do not practice physical activity, are at greater risk of developing atheromatosis of the aorta.

It is important to remember that this disease usually starts to develop in young adults and gets worse over time and, although it is more frequent in adults, it can also appear in children with a family history of high cholesterol and excess cholesterol. of weight.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for aortic atheromatosis should be indicated by the cardiologist according to the general he alth condition and degree of blood flow impairment. Thus, the doctor may recommend the use of medications that help control cholesterol and blood pressure, in addition to changing eating habits.In addition, in the case of excess weight, weight loss may be indicated in order to prevent the risk of complications, such as thrombosis and infarction.

In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the fatty plaques from the artery or perform a bypass graft, improving blood circulation. Understand how the treatment is done.

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