General Practice 2022

Mild mental retardation: what é, main features ís and what to do

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Mild mental retardation: what é, main features ís and what to do
Mild mental retardation: what é, main features ís and what to do
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Mild mental retardation, also known as mild intellectual disability, is characterized by mild limitations related to learning and communication skills, for example, which take time to develop. This degree of intellectual disability can be identified through an intelligence test, in which the intelligence quotient (IQ) is between 50 and 69.

This type of intellectual disability is more frequent in males and is usually noticed early in childhood from the observation of behavior and learning and interaction difficulties or the presence of impulsive behavior, for example.

The diagnosis of mild intellectual disability can be made by a psychologist or psychiatrist not only by carrying out intelligence tests, but also by evaluating the child's behavior and thinking during consultations and reporting by parents or guardians.Despite limited intellectual capacity, children with mild mental retardation can benefit from education and psychotherapy as their skills are stimulated.

Key features

People with mild intellectual disability do not show obvious physical changes, but they may have some characteristics that help to identify this type of mental retardation, the main ones being:

  • Lack of maturity;
  • Poor ability for social interaction;
  • Very specific line of thought;
  • They have difficulty adapting;
  • Has the ability to commit impulsive acts;
  • Impairment of judgment.

In addition, people with mild mental retardation may have epileptic episodes and, therefore, should be accompanied by a psychologist or psychiatrist.The characteristics of mild mental retardation are variable, and there may be variation related to the degree of behavioral impairment. Learn more about mental retardation.

What to do

It is important that the child's abilities are stimulated, and it is important that they are regularly monitored by a psychologist, pediatrician and/or occupational therapist, in addition to having the proper support from parents and family members. Thus, in addition to stimulating personal development, it is also possible to promote the development of the child's social and speech skills.

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