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General Practice 2023

Câncer no fícattle: symptoms, causes and treatment

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Câncer no fícattle: symptoms, causes and treatment
Câncer no fícattle: symptoms, causes and treatment

Liver cancer is a type of malignant tumor that originates in the cells that form the liver, such as hepatocytes, bile ducts or blood vessels, and is usually quite aggressive. It can cause symptoms, which usually appear in the more advanced stages of the disease, and include pain in the abdomen, nausea, loss of appetite, weight loss and yellow eyes.

People with fatty liver, cirrhosis of the liver or who use anabolic steroids are at greater risk of developing this cancer, which is usually identified by an imaging test of the abdomen, such as ultrasound or tomography, capable of detecting one or more nodules in the abdomen. liver.

Treatment is done with surgery and chemotherapy, depending on the size and severity of each case, and the chances of cure are greater when the tumor is identified early, in earlier stages.When it is no longer possible to achieve a cure for liver cancer, the survival time is approximately 5 years, but this value may vary according to the degree of development of the disease and other diseases of the patient.

Symptoms of liver cancer

The most common symptoms that can arise in liver cancer include:

  1. Tummy pain, especially on the right side of the abdomen;
  2. Swelling of the belly;
  3. Weight loss with no apparent cause;
  4. Loss of appetite;
  5. Excessive fatigue;
  6. Yellow skin and eyes;
  7. Constant sickness.

Unfortunately, these symptoms usually appear when the cancer is already well developed and, therefore, in most cases, liver cancer can be discovered at an advanced stage, which reduces your chances of cure.

Thus, when there are risk factors, such as excessive alcohol consumption or liver disease, it is important to make regular appointments with the hepatologist to frequently evaluate the liver and observe changes that may arise.

What to do in case of suspicion

In cases where any of these symptoms appear, or there are many risk factors, it is advisable to consult a hepatologist to carry out diagnostic tests, such as an ultrasound of the abdomen, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, to confirm if there are changes that may indicate the presence of a spot or nodule that is suggestive of a tumor.

It is important to remember that not every nodule or cyst in the liver indicates cancer, and you should wait for the doctor's analysis of its characteristics, being able to conclude if there is a risk or not. If suspicious changes are identified, the doctor may order a biopsy of a piece of liver, to check in the laboratory if there are cancer cells in the organ.Understand when liver cyst is dangerous.

For less suspicious cases, it is recommended to repeat the exams periodically, every year or every 3 years, according to each case, so that it is possible to monitor whether there is growth or development of new characteristics that may indicate cancer.

Types of liver cancer

Liver cancer can be primary, that is, when it arises directly in the liver, or it can be secondary, by metastasis or spread of cancer from other organs, such as lungs, stomach, intestine or breast, for example.

The most common type of primary liver cancer is hepatocarcinoma or hepatocellular carcinoma, which is also the most aggressive and originates in the main cells that form the liver, called hepatocytes. Another common primary tumor is cholangiocarcinoma, which originates in the bile ducts.

Other rarer tumor types include fibrolamellar variant liver carcinoma, angiosarcoma or hepatoblastoma, for example.

Who is most at risk

Although anyone can develop liver cancer, liver cancer is more common in people with:

  • Chronic infection with Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C;
  • Cirrhosis;
  • Use of anabolic steroids;
  • Diabetes;
  • Liver fat;
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.

In addition, cases of ulcerative colitis or long-standing sclerosing cholangitis can also develop liver cancer more easily.

How the treatment is done

In almost all cases, liver cancer is treated with surgery to remove the entire affected area. However, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be necessary before surgery to reduce the size of the cancer and make it easier to remove.

In more severe cases, where the cancer is very developed or spreading to other organs, chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also be used only after surgery to try to eliminate the remaining cancer cells.

If there is another disease, such as cirrhosis, removing a part of the liver can be more complicated, so the doctor may recommend a liver transplant to try to achieve a cure. Understand how liver transplantation is performed.

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