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Food poisoning is a condition that arises after the consumption of food contaminated by toxins, produced by fungi or bacteria, which is more common in food that has been poorly stored, expired or not were prepared following good hygiene practices.
After ingesting these toxins, some symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, headache and diarrhea may appear, in addition to causing extreme tiredness, weakness and dehydration.
As soon as the first symptoms of food poisoning are noticed, it is important that the person increases the consumption of liquids and has a light and easily digestible diet, as this is possible to favor the elimination of the toxin through the urine.However, in cases where the symptoms are very intense, it is recommended that the person go to the hospital to receive the necessary care to prevent complications.
Symptoms of food poisoning
Symptoms of food poisoning appear a few hours after consumption of contaminated food due to the presence of toxins in the food, the main ones being:
- Sensation of general malaise;
- Low fever in some cases;
- Tummy pain.
In more severe cases, signs and symptoms of dehydration may also be noticed, such as dry mouth, excessive thirst, weakness, headache and dizziness, and it is important to consult the gastroenterologist to identify the cause of these symptoms and start the proper treatment.
Furthermore, pregnant women, the elderly, frail people and children should consult a doctor as soon as the first symptoms of intoxication appear, as they have a weakened immune system, with a greater risk of developing more serious symptoms.
Online Symptom Test
To know the risk of having food poisoning, select the symptoms presented in the following test:
- 1. Nausea or vomiting Yes No
- 2.Liquid stool more than 3 times a day Yes No
- 3.Severe stomach pains Yes No
- 4.Intense belly pain Yes No
- 5.Fever below 38º C Yes No
- 6.Excessive fatigue for no apparent reason Yes No
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Causes of food poisoning
Food poisoning is caused by toxins from microorganisms present in food, mainly due to Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium botulinum.In addition, some fungi can also produce toxins that can lead to symptoms of food poisoning.
Intoxication occurs when a person consumes food that has not been properly sanitized, that has not been handled correctly at the time of preparation, that has been poorly stored or that has expired.
How the treatment should be done
Treatment for food poisoning should be done with the intake of plenty of liquids and the adoption of a light, balanced and low-fat diet to facilitate the body's recovery, favor the elimination of toxins and relieve symptoms. The consumption of probiotic foods can also be indicated, as these foods help to recover the bacterial microbiota, helping to accelerate recovery and strengthen the immune system.
Furthermore, to treat food poisoning, it is very important to replace the amount of fluid lost, drinking plenty of water, teas and natural fruit juices, and it is also recommended to drink serum for hydration that can be purchased at the pharmacy or prepared from homemade way at home.Learn what to do to treat food poisoning at home.
Remedy for food poisoning
In general, the use of medication is not indicated in the treatment of food poisoning, as symptoms usually improve with increased fluid intake and light and balanced diet.
However, in cases where symptoms do not improve and/or more severe symptoms are noted, the doctor may indicate the use of analgesic drugs to promote relief of abdominal pain, and antibiotics according to the infectious agent responsible for the production of the toxin. In some cases, the doctor may also recommend the use of probiotic capsules.
The use of medicines to relieve nausea and stop diarrhea are not recommended, as these medicines can interfere with the elimination of toxins, which could worsen symptoms. See more about remedies for food poisoning.
Food for food poisoning
When you have food poisoning it is very important to follow a diet that helps to reduce the symptoms. Therefore, the most recommended foods include:
- Teas with sugar but without caffeine, avoiding black tea, mate tea or green tea;
- cornstarch porridge;
- Pear and apple, peeled and cooked;
- Boiled carrots;
- White rice or pasta without sauces or fats;
- Baked potato;
- Grilled or boiled chicken or turkey;
- White bread with fruit jam.
The important thing is to avoid heavy and difficult-to-digest foods such as tomatoes, cabbage, eggs, beans, red meats, leaves such as lettuce and cabbage, butter, whole milk, seeds and strong seasonings for example, in addition to being important to avoid processed and fatty foods. See in more detail what to eat in food poisoning.
In the first days it is still important to give preference to cooked and peeled fruits and strained fruit juices, and only after the diarrhea has passed is it recommended to start eating vegetables, being advised to eat the vegetables cooked or in soup, because help replenish nutrients and vitamins in the body. Check out some home remedies to treat food poisoning.