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Treatment for intestinal infection should be guided by the general practitioner or gastroenterologist according to the signs and symptoms presented by the person. In most cases, treatment can be done at home and aims to promote the elimination of the infectious agent, relieve symptoms and prevent dehydration.
Some of the recommendations indicated by the doctor are:
- Stay at rest until symptoms improve;
- Adopt a light and easily digestible diet, giving preference to grilled white meat, vegetables and fruits, to relieve tension on the gastrointestinal system;
- Drink lots of fluids, in the form of water, tea, homemade serum or coconut water, to maintain body hydration;
- Wash and cook food well, avoiding the ingestion of more microorganisms.
- Do not take medicine that restricts the intestines,because then the infectious agent cannot be eliminated.
If symptoms do not improve after 2 days for children, or 3 days for adults, or signs and symptoms possibly indicative of dehydration appear, such as darker urine, lack of sweat, skin and lips dry eyes and dark circles, it is important that the doctor is consulted so that the most appropriate treatment can be started. Learn more about intestinal infection.
According to the symptoms, their intensity and the microorganism responsible for the infection, the doctor may recommend performing more specific treatments:
Remedies for intestinal infection are usually indicated in case of infection by bacteria and parasites and are recommended along with general guidelines for rest, increased fluid consumption and light food.
In the case of intestinal infection caused by bacteria, the doctor may recommend the use of antibiotics, such as Ciprofloxacin or Metronidazole, for example, especially in cases of severe diarrhea. In cases of intestinal infection by parasites, the use of antiparasitics such as Albendazole or Mebendazole for about 3 days or according to the doctor's indication may be indicated. See more about remedies for intestinal infection.
The use of probiotics can also be indicated in case of intestinal infection, as they help to rebalance the intestinal microbiota, so that the infectious agents responsible for the infection can be fought more easily, promoting the relief of symptoms. Learn more about probiotics.
During intestinal infection, it is recommended to have a lighter and easily digestible diet, giving preference to foods such as cooked white rice, pasta, white meats with little seasoning, cooked and unpeeled fruits, strained juices and teas with sugar, remembering to avoid caffeinated teas, such as green, black and mate tea, as they can cause irritation in the gastrointestinal system and worsen symptoms.
In snacks, it is recommended to consume dry biscuits without filling, white bread with fruit jam, natural yogurts and white cheeses, such as ricotta, as they are low in fat and easy to digest.
While diarrhea lasts, you should avoid consuming unpeeled vegetables and fruits, even in soups or cooked salads, as they are rich in fiber, resulting in increased intestinal transit and favoring diarrhea. You should also avoid foods high in fat, such as red meat, butter, whole milk, yellow cheeses, bacon, sausage, sausage and processed foods, as well as foods that increase gas production, such as cabbage, eggs, beans, corn, pea, for example.
Which doctor to consult
In the case of intestinal infection, it is recommended to consult a gastroenterologist, as he is the doctor responsible for evaluating and treating stomach and intestinal problems. However, many situations can also be treated by a general practitioner or family he alth practitioner.
How to treat a baby's intestinal infection
Treatment for a baby's intestinal infection should be done by a pediatrician, as treatment will vary depending on the cause of the infection.
However, the most important thing is to maintain the correct hydration of the baby, offering oral rehydration serum or breast milk, at 15-minute intervals, and maintain good hygiene, preventing the baby from coming into contact with dirty objects, feces, urine or other sources of microorganisms.