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A hepatologist is a doctor who specializes in the prevention and treatment of diseases that damage the liver and organs that work together with the liver, such as the gallbladder and pancreas.
In addition, the hepatologist can also request blood tests, biopsies and imaging tests, which help in the diagnosis of situations such as gallstones, hepatitis, fatty liver and pancreatitis, for example.
It is important to have a consultation with the hepatologist whenever signs and symptoms appear that indicate liver, gallbladder and pancreas problems, such as belly pain, yellow skin and eyes, swollen belly and weight loss for no apparent reason.Thus, the hepatologist can make the diagnosis and recommend the most appropriate treatment.
What diseases are treated by the hepatologist
The diseases treated by the hepatologist are those related to the liver, gallbladder and pancreas, such as:
- Liver cirrhosis;
- Gallbladder stone;
- Liver cancer;
- Liver fat;
- Inflammation in the gallbladder;
- Bile reflux.
The hepatologist can attend in private offices, basic he alth units (UBS) and hospitals.
To diagnose changes in the liver, pancreas and gallbladder, the hepatologist usually performs a physical evaluation, signs and symptoms, and the person's he alth history, in addition to requesting additional tests, such as blood, urine, ultrasound, endoscopy and biopsy, to help in the diagnosis and indication of the most appropriate treatment for each situation.
The treatments indicated by the hepatologist vary according to the person's he alth status and the type of problem, and may include the use of medicines, diets, surgeries and hemodialysis.
When to see the hepatologist
It is important to look for a hepatologist whenever signs and symptoms appear when signs and symptoms related to changes in the gallbladder or pancreas appear, such as yellow skin and eyes, dark urine, frequent back pain and fever.
In addition, it is also recommended to have a consultation with the hepatologist when you present signs and symptoms that may indicate changes in the liver, such as itching in the body, frequent headache and yellow, whitish or grayish stools.