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There are several drugs that can be used to treat diarrhea, which have different mechanisms of action, and which are prescribed taking into account the cause that may be at its origin, the person's he alth status, the symptoms presented and the type of diarrhea you have.
Furthermore, it is important that in addition to medication, a diet with astringent foods is carried out to avoid worsening diarrhea, in addition to increasing fluid consumption to avoid dehydration.
In case diarrhea is accompanied by other symptoms such as intense fever, presence of blood in the stools, severe abdominal pain or that does not improve, it is important to consult the general practitioner or pediatrician to evaluate the symptoms, identify the cause and guide the most appropriate treatment.Check out the main causes of diarrhea.
Some of the medicines your doctor may prescribe to help treat diarrhea are:
Loperamide is a drug that reduces perist altic movements of the intestine, increasing the time of intestinal transit and making the feces stay longer in the intestine, thus providing the absorption of a greater amount of water, leaving the feces less liquid. In addition, it also increases anal sphincter tone, reducing the feeling of urgency and fecal incontinence.
This medication can be used to treat acute or chronic diarrhea, as long as the person does not have an associated infection. Some medicines that have loperamide in the composition are Diasec, Intestin, Imosec or Kaosec, for example. Learn how to take loperamide.
How to take it: Loperamide should be taken by mouth and the usual recommended starting dose is 4 mg, then 2 mg after each episode of diarrhea, until a maximum of 16 mg per day, ie 16 mg every 24 hours.
Side Effects: Generally, loperamide is well tolerated, however, side effects such as increased intestinal gas, constipation, nausea and dizziness may occur.
Who should not use: Loperamide should not be used in cases of bloody diarrhea, high fever, intoxication, and in cases where symptoms worsen, despite receive the treatment. This remedy should also be avoided in people who are allergic to opioids or any other component of the formula.
Racecadotril is a remedy that works to make stools more solid by reducing excessive secretion of water and electrolytes by the intestine, helping to stop diarrhea. This remedy does not interfere with bowel movements, but it improves acute diarrhea.
Some drugs with racecadotril in the composition are Avide and Tiorfan, for example. Learn how to use racecadotril.
How to use: The normally recommended starting dose for adults is 100 mg every 8 hours, preferably before breakfast, lunch and dinner. The dose for children depends on body weight and should be guided by the pediatrician. This medicine should not be taken for more than 7 days.
Side Effects: Some of the most common side effects that can occur with racecadotril use are headache and skin redness.
Who should not use it: Racecadotril should not be used in cases of bloody diarrhea, fever and diarrhea caused by the use of antibiotics. This remedy should also not be used by people who are allergic to any component of the formula.
3. Saccharomyces boulardii
This medication can be used as an aid in the treatment of diarrhea of different causes. It is a probiotic, which means that it is a live microorganism that contributes to the intestinal bacterial balance, controlling diarrhea.
In addition to Saccharomyces boulardii, there are other probiotics that can be used to regulate the intestinal flora, such as Enterogermina, Bifilac or Bidrilac, for example.
Some medicines that have Saccharomyces boulardii in their composition are Floratil and Repoflor, for example.
How to use: the normally recommended doses of Saccharomyces boulardii for adults, whether in the form of capsules or granules for oral suspension, is 250 to 500 mg every 24 hours, divided into 2 daily doses, one in the morning and one in the evening. For children, the doses should be guided by the pediatrician according to the child's age and weight.
Side-Effects: Generally, this medication is well tolerated and there are no side effects, however in some children or newborns a yeasty smell may be felt in the feces, without any harmful meaning.
Who should not use: This probiotic should not be used by people with serious illnesses or who have a weakened immune system. Also, it should be avoided by people who are allergic to yeast.
4. Oral rehydration solutions
During a bout of diarrhea it is very important to drink plenty of fluids in order to avoid dehydration. For this, there are oral rehydration solutions, such as Floralyte, for example, which can be purchased at pharmacies.
These medications should only be used on medical advice, as it is important to know the cause of diarrhea before taking them. Usually, in the case of diarrhea with infection, in which fever and severe abdominal pain appear, some of these remedies should not be used, as they decrease the body's natural response to eliminate microorganisms through the feces.
Remedies for childhood diarrhea
The most suitable remedies for diarrhea in children or babies are mainly probiotics. In addition, the doctor may also prescribe Tiorfan in a dose adapted for children.
In any case, these remedies should only be taken with the pediatrician's recommendation and to avoid dehydration it is also recommended to drink oral serum, which can be purchased at the pharmacy or prepared at home.
Learn more about medications used to treat diarrhea in children.
Home remedy for diarrhea
Home remedies that can be used to treat diarrhea are teas, juices, syrups or porridge with food or medicinal plants, which have properties that help calm the intestines and stop diarrhea. Some examples of these home remedies are chamomile tea, apple syrup, guava tea or apple juice, for example. Learn how to prepare home remedies for diarrhea.
In addition, it is important to eat a diet low in fat and sugar, including foods that are easily absorbed and with astringent properties, such as rice or carrots, for example, to help improve diarrhea.
Check out the following video for some tips that can help stop diarrhea faster:
When to go to the doctor
It is advisable to see a doctor when diarrhea has blood or pus and is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever or vomiting.
Furthermore, it is also important to consult a doctor if diarrhea persists for more than 3 or 4 weeks, as it may be indicative of chronic diarrhea, which can be caused by food intolerances or inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease or diverticulitis, for example.