General Practice 2022

Nasal CPAP: what é, what it is for and how to use it

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Nasal CPAP: what é, what it is for and how to use it
Nasal CPAP: what é, what it is for and how to use it

Nasal CPAP, or non-invasive mechanical ventilation with positive pressure, is a device that produces a positive and constant pressure of air to the airways, preventing them from closing and allowing a better flow of air from the nose or the mouth to lungs.

Nasal CPAP is usually indicated by the doctor for the treatment of snoring due to obstructive sleep apnea, which causes excessive snoring at night and excessive tiredness during the day, and occurs due to blockage of the airways. However, nasal CPAP is only indicated when other treatments have not been effective for sleep apnea, such as weight loss or use of nasal strips, for example. Check out other sleep apnea treatment options.

In addition, nasal CPAP can also be used in hospitals for newborns with infant respiratory distress syndrome, which helps prevent respiratory failure in the baby.

What is it for

Nasal CPAP is indicated to keep the airways open, improving airflow to the lungs, in the following situations:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea;
  • Hypoxemic respiratory failure
  • Acute pulmonary edema;
  • Transient Tachypnea;
  • Phrenic nerve palsy;
  • Hyaline membrane disease;
  • Respiratory discomfort.

In addition, nasal CPAP can be used in neonatal intensive care, in premature newborns with infant respiratory distress syndrome, preventing them from being intubated and preventing them from developing respiratory failure.

How to use

Nasal CPAP should be used by placing the mask on the nose, during the night, which allows you to breathe normally without disturbing sleep.

The nasal CPAP mask is connected via a hose to a small machine, allowing air to flow into the lungs, making breathing easier.

Cautions when using nasal CPAP

Some precautions are important when using nasal CPAP, such as:

  • Keep your mouth closed to prevent air pressure from escaping, and the device no longer being able to force air into the airways
  • Avoid moving in bed so that the mask does not move from the desired position;
  • Sleep on your side, which is a position that may be more comfortable;
  • Put a plug in your ear or a small piece of cotton to reduce the noise of the device, making it easier to sleep.

In addition, it is important to clean the device, mask and nasal CPAP hose every day to prevent the growth of microorganisms that can cause respiratory infections. soap or other cleaning products. See other nasal CPAP care.

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