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Although there is no minimum value for the amount of triglycerides in the blood, very low values, such as those below 50 ml/dL, may indicate some type of disease or metabolic alteration, such as malabsorption, malnutrition or hyperthyroidism, for example.
Thus, although it is recommended to have low triglyceride levels to ensure better cardiovascular he alth, very low values should be evaluated by a doctor to identify if there is a problem that needs to be treated.
1. Low calorie diet
The main reason for the increase in blood triglyceride levels is excess calories in the diet, either through the consumption of carbohydrates or fat.Thus, people who are on very restrictive diets, especially in terms of calories, may have very low levels of triglycerides.
What to do: this is considered a normal situation, however, it is important that the diet is accompanied by a nutritionist, since very restrictive diets can negatively affect long-term he alth.
2. Use of cholesterol medication
Some medications used to control high cholesterol levels can have the side effect of lowering triglycerides, even when they are at adequate levels. The most common is the use of statins, fibrates or omega 3.
What to do: you should consult the doctor who prescribed the medication and evaluate the possibility of changing its use for another medication.
3. Poor nutrition
Poor nutrition is a cause similar to a low-calorie diet and happens exactly because of a very low level of calories, which ends up not allowing the formation of triglycerides.However, this is a much more serious situation, which leads to the decrease of several important nutrients for the body.
Some symptoms that can help identify a situation of malnutrition include:
- Excessive weight loss;
- Swollen belly;
- Weak hair, brittle nails and dry skin;
- Sudden mood swings
What to do: if you suspect a situation of malnutrition, especially in people who are fasting or do not have access to quality food, it is important to consult a clinician or an endocrinologist to confirm the diagnosis and initiate appropriate treatment, which, in addition to food, should include the use of nutritional supplements to replace the missing nutrients.
4. Malabsorption syndrome
This is a syndrome in which the intestine is not able to properly absorb nutrients from food, which leads to a decrease in the amount of calories, preventing the formation of triglycerides and decreasing their amount in the body.
An easy-to-identify sign, which may indicate that the person suffers from malabsorption syndrome, is the presence of fatty, light and floating stools.
What to do: a gastroenterologist should be consulted for diagnostic tests, such as endoscopy and stool examination, to identify the cause of malabsorption and initiate further treatment. suitable.
The thyroid is a very important gland in the regulation of metabolism, so when there is a change in which its functioning is increased, as happens in hyperthyroidism, the body starts to use more energy and can end up using up its reserves of triglycerides, which leads to a sharp decrease in their levels.
In addition to the change in triglycerides, hyperthyroidism can have other consequences on the body such as weight loss, changes in heart rate, weakening of nails and hair, as well as changes in behavior, with periods of increased nervousness and anxiety.
What to do: to identify a case of hyperthyroidism, it is advisable to consult a general practitioner or an endocrinologist to do blood tests and identify if there is an excess of the hormone thyroxine, which is produced by the thyroid. If the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor may advise treatment with dietary changes and the use of medication. See in more detail how hyperthyroidism is treated.
How to increase low triglycerides
To normalize triglyceride values in addition to controlling the cause with medical treatment, a he althy diet should be adopted, having meals every 3 hours. See some tips on what you can eat at: Secrets of he althy eating.
However, it is not recommended to increase triglycerides excessively because they increase the risk of developing heart disease or even having a heart attack, for example. Reference values for triglycerides vary between 50 and 150 ml/dL and must be kept within this range to ensure sufficient energy to face moments of prolonged fasting or insufficient feeding.
Triglycerides are produced through excess sugar intake and are not directly related to dietary fat. When the individual ingests large amounts of sugar, the body initially produces triglycerides that then accumulate in the form of fat that can form atheromatous plaques inside the arteries or be stored in the form of localized fat.
Learn what you can do to normalize your triglycerides: Diet to gain weight.