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Poor circulation is a situation characterized by the difficulty of blood to pass through the veins and arteries, and can be identified through the appearance of some signs and symptoms, such as cold feet, swelling, tingling sensation and drier skin, for example, what can happen due to using birth control pills, being overweight, aging, or spending too much time standing or cross-legged, for example.
It is important that the cause of poor circulation is identified, as well as the symptoms that are present and the frequency with which they appear, because in this way it is possible for the cardiologist or general practitioner to indicate the most appropriate treatment to help relieve the symptoms.
Symptoms of poor circulation
The main way to identify poor circulation in the legs is through the symptoms, the main ones being:
- Cold, dry or scaly skin;
- Itchy legs;
- Red spots on legs;
- Presence of spider veins or varicose veins;
- Swollen feet and ankles;
- Pale or bluish color in areas of poor circulation;
- Leg cramps;
- Tingling, stinging or numbness in the legs;
- Absence of hair on the legs;
- Cracked heels.
Symptoms usually get worse at the end of the day, especially when the person has spent a lot of time on their feet, but they can also happen with greater intensity during the menstrual cycle, in hotter periods of the day or when wearing high heels or flat sandals.
Poor circulation in the legs and feet can happen as a result of several situations, the main ones being:
- Pregnancy, since during pregnancy the woman's body produces more fluid to maintain the irrigation of the placenta, which makes it difficult for the veins to work. In addition, during pregnancy there is production of the hormone relaxin, which causes the veins to dilate, making it difficult for blood to return to the heart.
- Atherosclerosis, because due to the presence of fatty plaques inside the arteries, the blood may not circulate properly, resulting in the appearance of symptoms of poor circulation;
- Overweight and sedentary lifestyle, since blood circulation in the body can be compromised and venous return becomes more difficult, which can make the legs more swollen and tired;
- Aging, this is because the natural aging of blood vessels also happens, which can interfere with circulation and can lead to the appearance of symptoms of poor circulation;
- Use of contraceptive, this is because due to the amount of hormones present in the contraceptive, there may be an increased risk of thrombus formation in some women, which can directly interfere with circulation. Learn more about contraceptive thrombosis;
- Standing for a long time,sitting or with your legs crossed, due to work or long journeys, for example, as this can make it more difficult for blood to return to the heart;
- Chronic diseases,such as hypertension and diabetes, can also result in poor circulation, especially when not treated properly.
It is important that the cause of poor circulation is identified, so that the doctor can indicate some ways to treat and relieve symptoms to prevent complications, such as ulcer formation or foot amputation, for example.
How the treatment is done
To combat and avoid the symptoms of poor circulation in the legs, it is important to follow the guidelines of the cardiologist or general practitioner, who may indicate the use of compression stockings or medicines that act on the veins of the circulatory system, improving venous tone, microcirculation and blood vessel resistance.
Taking measures such as elevating the legs at the end of the day, bathing with water at a medium temperature, massaging from the ankle to the groin and wearing comfortable shoes, also help to reduce the discomfort caused by poor circulation.
In addition, regular physical activity and a diet low in s alt and rich in vitamin C and antioxidants can also help prevent and combat the symptoms of poor circulation, as well as some home remedies, such as orange with parsley and pineapple juice with ginger, for example. Check out other home remedy options for poor circulation.