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Low blood pressure, also called hypotension, is usually not a problem, especially when a person has always had low blood pressure. However, if the pressure drops too quickly, it can cause symptoms such as weakness, tiredness and dizziness, or even fainting.
So, in a person who has normal or high blood pressure, but who has suffered a low blood pressure crisis, you should:
- Lay down the person, preferably in a cool and ventilated place;
- Loosen clothing, especially around the neck;
- Raise your legs above heart level, about 45 degrees off the floor;
- Offering fluids such as water, coffee, or fruit juice when the person has recovered to help stabilize blood pressure.
Raising your legs allows blood to flow toward your heart and brain more easily, increasing pressure. The person should remain in this position for a few minutes until the symptoms of low blood pressure subside.
When to go to the doctor
Some symptoms that may indicate that low blood pressure is severe include confusion, very pale skin, rapid breathing, very high heart rate, or loss of consciousness.
In completely he althy people who have always had lower than normal blood pressure, the low blood pressure value is not an alarm signal, however, if it appears suddenly in people who have normally high blood pressure, it can be in effect. side effects of high blood pressure medication or as a result of a he alth problem such as dehydration, allergic reaction, blood loss or heart problems, for example.
Learn more about the main causes of low blood pressure and what to do.
How to avoid low blood pressure crises
To avoid low blood pressure crises, care should be taken such as:
- Take your high blood pressure medication correctly, according to your doctor's instructions and never in higher doses than indicated;
- Avoid very hot and closed places, it is advisable to wear light clothes that are easy to remove;
- Drink 1 to 2 liters of water a day, unless your doctor has advised you otherwise;
- Eat small meals every 2 or 3 hours and don't leave home without having breakfast;
- Avoid exercising on an empty stomach, drinking at least one glass of juice before training;
- Practice regular physical activity to strengthen the muscles of the arms and legs, as it helps the blood reach the heart and brain more easily.
Usually, low blood pressure is benign and does not have serious consequences, but the person runs the risk of fainting and with the fall breaking a bone or hitting the head, for example, which can be potentially serious. Therefore, if you notice any frequency of drops in blood pressure or if other symptoms such as recurrent heart palpitations appear, a medical consultation is advised.