General Practice 2022

Treatment for hivesária: 6 main optionsções

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Treatment for hivesária: 6 main optionsções
Treatment for hivesária: 6 main optionsções

Treatment for urticaria can be done with the use of medicines in the form of ointments, pills or injections, prescribed by the doctor according to the type of urticaria, which can be acute or chronic, and the evaluation of symptoms presented as itching, redness, swelling, or burning sensation in the skin, for example.

Urticaria can arise due to allergies to food, clothing fabric, animal hair, dust or medication use, for example, and one of the simplest and most effective ways of treating urticaria is to identify the causative agent. symptoms and thus avoid contact. See other causes of hives.

Treatment of urticaria should be done with the indication of a general practitioner or allergist, who can prescribe the best remedy individually.In severe cases of hives, with symptoms such as swelling in the mouth, tongue or throat, difficulty breathing, seek medical attention as soon as possible or the nearest emergency room, as it can be life-threatening.

The main treatments for urticaria recommended by the doctor are:

1. Calamine Ointment

Calamine ointment is made up of zinc oxide and other components, with antiallergic, analgesic and skin-protective action, which help relieve itchy skin caused by urticaria due to sunburn.

However, calamine ointment must be used with medical indication as it only helps to relieve superficial skin itching and does not treat the cause of urticaria, which must be done with the use of oral remedies.

Some examples of products with calamine are Ducilamine by TheraSkin, which can be used in adults and children, and Calamyn, Solardril and Caladryl, which can be used in adults and children over 2 years old, because they have camphor in the composition, which is contraindicated in children under 2 years of age.See a calendula ointment that can be used on the baby.

2. Anti-allergy pills

The antiallergic pills for hives, such as antihistamines and corticosteroids, may be prescribed by the doctor as they have antiallergic action that help reduce the symptoms of itching, redness, swelling or a burning sensation on the skin.

Generally, antihistamines are indicated for the treatment of acute or chronic urticaria. Corticosteroids, on the other hand, may be indicated by the doctor for pressure urticaria, vasculitic urticaria or chronic urticaria when symptoms are very intense or do not improve with the use of antihistamines. Check out the main antihistamines and corticosteroids for urticaria.

In some cases, the doctor may recommend the use of antihistamines and corticosteroids together for chronic urticaria, which is when symptoms last more than 6 weeks, are intense, appear frequently or never disappear.

3. Omalizumab injection

Omalizumab injection is indicated for chronic urticaria, when the use of antiallergics has not been enough to improve symptoms. This remedy is a type of monoclonal antibody that decreases the action of the immune system, helping to relieve chronic urticaria.

Omalizumab should be used subcutaneously, that is, on the skin, according to medical advice, and may be indicated for adults or children over 12 years of age. Learn how to use omalizumab.

4. Adrenaline Pen

In cases where hives are accompanied by severe symptoms, such as swelling of the tongue or lips or difficulty breathing, for example, the doctor may recommend using an adrenaline (epinephrine) pen to inject it immediately on the person as soon as these symptoms appear, as they can be life-threatening.

The adrenaline pen is indicated by the doctor for people at high risk of having a severe allergic reaction, and they should have the doctor's guidance for the warning signs and severity that may arise, as well as the way to use this remedy.After using the epinephrine pen, it is very important to go to the hospital immediately or consult the doctor who prescribed its use. Learn how to apply the adrenaline pen.

Adrenaline in the form of an injection is also used in hospitals with medical indication and applied by nurses in emergency situations caused by severe urticaria to treat swelling in the mouth, tongue or throat and difficulty breathing.

5. Corticosteroid injection

Corticosteroid injection is used in hospitals for the emergency treatment of severe urticaria with symptoms of angioedema, such as swelling of the mouth, throat or tongue, or difficulty breathing, which can be life-threatening.

This treatment for urticaria should only be done with medical indication and application of steroids directly into the vein by the nurse, in addition to other medicines, such as adrenaline, to control the symptoms of severe urticaria.

6. Home treatment

Some home treatments, such as taking a soaking bath with oatmeal and lavender, or using chamomile tea compresses on the affected area of ​​the skin, can help relieve itchy skin and can be used to complement the treatment of the skin. mild urticaria indicated by the doctor.

However, it is important to emphasize that the use of these, or any other natural treatment, should not replace the remedies indicated by the doctor, being just a way to help relieve symptoms more quickly. Here are some home remedies for hives.

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