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General Practice 2023

Coryza: what é, main causes and treatment

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Coryza: what é, main causes and treatment
Coryza: what é, main causes and treatment

Coryza, popularly known as runny nose, is a symptom that arises in diseases in which there is inflammation of the nasal passages and is characterized by transparent, yellow or mixed nasal discharge, which may be accompanied by sneezing and nasal obstruction..

When left untreated, a runny nose can increase the likelihood of developing sinusitis, bronchitis or even pneumonia, for example. A great natural remedy for a runny nose is cashew juice, which is rich in vitamin C. Another very important home remedy for a runny nose is nasal washing with saline solution, which clears the airways.


1. Allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis corresponds to inflammation of the mucosa lining the nose, and is usually triggered by dust, pollen or weather changes. The runny nose of allergic rhinitis is clear and is usually accompanied by sneezing, itchy nose, and nasal obstruction.

What to do: Allergic rhinitis can be controlled with the use of anti-allergic medication, and it is also important to avoid contact with substances that cause symptoms. If allergic rhinitis is frequent, it is recommended to go to the allergist for more specific treatment to avoid allergy attacks and complications, such as otitis, sinusitis and sleep problems.

2. Viral infection

Respiratory infection by a virus also leads to the appearance of a transparent coryza, which can appear along with other flu and cold symptoms, such as headache, muscle pain, malaise and fever, for example.

What to do: In these cases, it is important to rest, drink plenty of fluids and have a he althy and balanced diet, so that it is possible to eliminate the virus faster and accelerate the recovery of the body.

3. Bacterial infection

In the case of respiratory infection caused by bacteria, the coryza is yellow-green and is usually indicative of bacterial rhinosinusitis, whose symptoms are cough, high fever, pain and heaviness in the head.

What to do: As with a runny nose due to a viral infection, it is recommended to rest, drink plenty of fluids and have a he althy diet to eliminate bacteria faster and accelerate The recovery. In some cases, the use of antibiotics may also be necessary, which should be done according to the doctor's recommendation.

If the coryza is constant, it is important to go to the allergist or general practitioner so that the cause is identified and treatment can be started. Know the causes of constant coryza.

Coryza could be a symptom of COVID-19?

Coryza may be present in some cases of COVID-19, especially in cases of delta variant infection, however, having only coryza can be a sign of allergic rhinitis, for example. In the case of COVID-19, in addition to a runny nose, it is possible to have a headache, excessive tiredness, a dry and persistent cough and fever. Check out the symptoms of COVID-19.

How to treat a runny nose

Coryza treatment is usually done with medications that reduce inflammation and irritation of the nasal mucosa, relieving symptoms..

In addition, it is important to wash your hands well, avoid crowded and poorly ventilated environments, and perform nasal cleaning periodically, to clear the nasal passages and allow the agent causing the coryza to escape. Learn how to properly rinse your nose.

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