General Practice 2022

6 dúcommon lives about anemia

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6 dúcommon lives about anemia
6 dúcommon lives about anemia
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Anemia is a situation that causes symptoms such as tiredness, pallor, hair loss and weak nails, and is diagnosed by performing a blood test in which hemoglobin levels and amount of Red Cells. Learn more about tests that help confirm anemia.

Anemia does not turn into leukemia, but it can be dangerous in pregnancy and in some cases it can lead to death. In addition, in some cases anemia can be so severe that it is called profound, and in some cases it can lead to weight loss.

Some of the main doubts about anemia are:

1. Can Anemia Become Leukemia?

No. Anemia cannot turn into leukemia because these are very different diseases. What happens is that anemia is one of the symptoms of leukemia and sometimes tests are needed to make sure it's just anemia, or if it really is leukemia.

Leukemia is a disease in which changes in the blood occur due to errors in the functioning of the bone marrow, which is the organ responsible for producing blood cells. As a consequence of this change, it is possible that there is a lower concentration of hemoglobin and the presence of immature blood cells, that is, that are not able to perform their function, which does not happen in anemia. Here's how to identify leukemia.

2. Is anemia in pregnancy serious?

Yes. Although anemia is a frequent situation in pregnancy, it is important that it is identified and treated according to the doctor's advice, otherwise anemia can interfere with the development of the baby and favoring premature birth and neonatal anemia.

Anemia arises in pregnancy because there is a greater need for blood to supply the body, both of the mother and the baby, so it is important to consume plenty of foods rich in iron at this stage. When anemia is diagnosed in pregnancy, depending on the values ​​found, the obstetrician may recommend taking iron supplements. See how to treat anemia in pregnancy.

3. Does anemia make you gain or lose weight?

The lack of hemoglobin in the blood is not directly linked to weight gain or loss. However, anemia is a symptom of lack of appetite, which could lead to weight loss at the same time as there are nutritional deficiencies. In this case, with treatment there is a normalization of appetite, making it possible to ingest a greater amount of calories, which can lead to weight gain.

Also, iron supplements often cause constipation, and this can make the belly bloated and give the feeling of weight gain, but to combat this, just consume more fiber and drink more water to soften the feces.

4. What is profound anemia?

A person is anemic when hemoglobin levels are below 12 g/dl in women and below 13 g/dl in men. When these values ​​are really very low, below 7 g/dl, the person is said to have profound anemia, which has the same symptoms as discouragement, frequent tiredness, pallor and weak nails, but much more present and easier to be treated. observed.

To know the risk of having anemia, check the symptoms you may be presenting in the following test:

  1. 1.Lack of energy and excessive tiredness Yes No
  2. 2.Pale skin Yes No
  3. 3.Lack of disposition and low productivity Yes No
  4. 4.Constant headache Yes No
  5. 5.Easy irritability Yes No
  6. 6.Inexplicable urge to eat something strange like brick or clay Yes No
  7. 7.Memory loss or difficulty concentrating Yes No

Result:

Make an appointment with a specialist

5. Anemia can lead to death?

The most frequent anemias in the population, which are iron deficiency and megaloblastic anemia, do not lead to death, on the other hand, aplastic anemia, which is a type of genetic anemia, can put the person's life at risk if not properly treated, as it is common for the person to have recurrent infections, compromising immunity.

6. Does anemia only happen due to lack of iron?

No. Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of anemia, which may be due to a poor diet in iron or a consequence of excessive bleeding. anemia can also be a consequence of a lower amount of vitamin B12 in the body, be of an autoimmune or genetic origin.

Thus, it is important that blood tests are performed, in addition to the evaluation of the blood count, to identify the type of anemia and, thus, the most appropriate treatment is indicated. Learn more about the types of anemia.

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