General Practice 2022

Anemia in pregnancy: symptoms, possible risks and how é the treatment

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Anemia in pregnancy: symptoms, possible risks and how é the treatment
Anemia in pregnancy: symptoms, possible risks and how é the treatment
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Anemia during pregnancy is normal, especially between the second and third trimester of pregnancy, as there is a reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood and an increase in iron requirements, which can result in risks for the mother and for the baby, such as weakness, premature birth and growth retardation, for example.

Thus, it is important that the woman is accompanied by a gynecologist and obstetrician regularly, especially if she has symptoms of anemia, so that treatment can be started if necessary. Treatment for anemia in pregnancy is usually done with increased intake of foods rich in iron and folic acid, such as meats, liver steak and dark green vegetables, in addition to iron supplementation medications.

Symptoms of anemia in pregnancy

The symptoms of anemia in pregnancy are not specific and can be confused with the symptoms of pregnancy itself. The main signs of anemia during pregnancy are:

  • Tiredness;
  • Dizziness;
  • Headache;
  • Pain in legs;
  • Lack of appetite;
  • Pale skin;
  • Bleach eyes.

In addition, other symptoms such as hair loss may also appear, however they are more common in cases of severe anemia. It is important that as soon as signs and symptoms of anemia appear during pregnancy, the doctor is consulted, so that it is possible to confirm the diagnosis and start the treatment, preventing the development of complications.

Symptom Test

If you think you may have anemia, check the symptoms you have in the test below:

  1. 1.Lack of energy and excessive tiredness Yes No
  2. 2.Pale skin Yes No
  3. 3.Lack of disposition and low productivity Yes No
  4. 4.Constant headache Yes No
  5. 5.Easy irritability Yes No
  6. 6.Inexplicable urge to eat something strange like brick or clay Yes No
  7. 7.Memory loss or difficulty concentrating Yes No

Result:

Make an appointment with a specialist

The diagnosis of anemia in pregnancy is made through mandatory blood tests during prenatal care, which assess the amount of hemoglobin and ferritin present in the blood. Values ​​lower than 11 g/dL of hemoglobin are indicators of anemia, and it is important that treatment is started as soon as possible to prevent complications.

Risks of anemia in pregnancy

Anemia during pregnancy carries risks mainly for women, as they become weaker and have a greater chance of developing postpartum infections. In the case of very severe anemia that has not been identified or treated correctly, the baby's development can also be compromised, and there may be low birth weight, growth difficulties, premature births and abortion, for example.

These complications can be easily avoided when the treatment is done according to medical guidelines.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for anemia in pregnancy should be done according to the gynecologist's guidance, and the doctor may indicate improvement in eating habits or use of supplements, for example, as this way it is possible to increase iron levels in the body and, consequently, hemoglobin, fighting the symptoms of anemia.

1. What to eat

To treat anemia in pregnancy, it is recommended to eat foods rich in iron and folic acid, such as meat, liver steak, beans, spinach, lentils and cabbage, as this way it is possible to restore iron levels in the body, which directly influences the amount of circulating hemoglobin.

In addition, to increase the availability of iron present in food, it is recommended to drink juice or eat a citrus fruit with the meal, such as orange, lemon, pineapple or tangerine. See more foods rich in iron.

2. Use of supplements

In addition to food, the obstetrician may also prescribe daily iron supplementation, with ferrous sulfate in liquid or pill form being the most used supplement.

These iron supplements can cause side effects such as diarrhea, constipation, nausea and heartburn, and women with very strong symptoms may opt for daily iron injections. However, these injections are painful and can cause skin blemishes.

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