Table of contents:
- 1. Decreased iron levels
- 2. Decreased levels of vitamin B12
- 3. Severe anemia
- 4. Anemia in pregnancy
- 5. Home remedies
Drugs for anemia are prescribed when hemoglobin values are below reference values, such as hemoglobin less than 12 g/dl in women and less than 13 g/dl in men. In addition, it is also recommended to take medication to prevent anemia after a long surgery, before pregnancy and after childbirth, for example.
Usually, the medicines are in the form of tablets or capsules, but in more severe cases it may be necessary to take the medicine by vein, through injection into the muscle or blood transfusion, as instructed by the doctor.
The remedies prescribed by the doctor may vary according to the type of anemia, and may be recommended:
1. Decreased iron levels
In this case, the use of drugs rich in folic acid, ferrous sulfate and iron such as Folifolin, Endofolin, Hemototal, Fervit, Fetrival, Iberol and Vitafer is usually indicated, with the aim of increasing the amount of circulating iron and its transport to the body. These remedies are usually indicated in case of microcytic, hypochromic or iron deficiency anemia, and the doctor generally recommends that the drug be taken with meals for about 3 months.
2. Decreased levels of vitamin B12
Anemia due to decreased levels of vitamin B12, also called megaloblastic anemia, should be treated with cyanocobalamin and hydroxocobalamin, such as Alginac, Profol, Permadoze, Jaba 12, Metiocolin, Etna simultaneously with multivitamins such as Suplevit or Century, for example.
3. Severe anemia
When anemia is severe and the patient has hemoglobin levels below 10 g/dl, for example, a blood transfusion may be necessary to receive the missing blood cells and reduce symptoms of anemia.However, normally after the transfusion it is necessary to maintain iron intake through tablets.
4. Anemia in pregnancy
To prevent the occurrence of anemia in pregnancy, it is common to take pills, such as folic acid in tablets, before and during pregnancy, however, only under medical advice. In addition, excessive blood loss can occur after normal delivery, which can cause anemia, which is why it is necessary, in some cases, to take iron.
5. Home remedies
To help treat anemia, you can take a home remedy such as strawberry juice, beetroot juice, or nettle or mugwort tea. In addition, drinking pineapple juice with parsley is good for fighting anemia, as these foods are rich in vitamin C, which enhances iron absorption. Discover other options for home remedies for anemia.