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The initial symptoms of anemia are usually mild and not always noticed, and they happen due to the decrease in the levels of hemoglobin in the blood, a component of red blood cells whose main function is to transport oxygen throughout the body.
So the main symptoms of anemia include:
- Frequent tiredness;
- Pale skin, gums and inner part of the eye;
- Lack of disposition;
- Constant headache;
- Weak nails and hair;
- Lack of appetite;
- Memory problems or difficulty concentrating;
- The desire to eat things that are not edible, such as brick or earth, for example;
- Change of heart rate, in some cases.
Anemia can happen due to a decrease in hemoglobin levels, which can be caused by some factors, such as a low iron diet, difficulty in absorbing iron or excessive menstruation. Know the main causes and see how to avoid anemia.
If you think you may have anemia, select the following signs and symptoms to know your risk:
- 1.Lack of energy and excessive tiredness Yes No
- 2.Pale skin Yes No
- 3.Lack of disposition and low productivity Yes No
- 4.Constant headache Yes No
- 5.Easy irritability Yes No
- 6.Inexplicable urge to eat something strange like brick or clay Yes No
- 7.Memory loss or difficulty concentrating Yes No
Make an appointment with a specialist
In the presence of signs and symptoms of anemia, it is important to go through a consultation with the general practitioner so that blood tests are carried out to help identify the possible cause of anemia and to indicate the most appropriate treatment to relieve the symptoms. symptoms and prevent complications. Discover the main treatments for anemia.
How to confirm anemia
To confirm anemia it is necessary to do a blood test to evaluate the hemoglobin levels. In addition, the doctor may also recommend tests to evaluate the levels of iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid in the blood, as well as tests that help evaluate the functioning of the liver and kidneys. Know all the tests indicated to confirm anemia.
Hemoglobin values that indicate anemia vary according to age and whether the woman is pregnant or not. Anemia is considered when blood hemoglobin levels are less than 12 g/dL in women, less than 13 g/dL in men and below 11 g/dL in pregnant women.
How to fight anemia
Treatment of anemia is usually done with increased consumption of foods rich in iron, such as red meat, beans and beets, and, in more severe cases, the doctor may also recommend the use of iron supplements or blood transfusion.
What to eat
To fight anemia it is important to eat more iron-rich foods, such as red meats, offal, such as liver and heart, chicken, fish, seafood, spinach, broccoli and pumpkin seeds. Learn how to eat more iron-rich foods.
In addition, it is also recommended to eat, preferably at the same meal, foods that are rich in vitamin C, such as cashews, acerola, pineapple and guava, which help to increase the absorption of iron in the body. See a list of foods rich in vitamin C.
For the treatment of moderate or severe anemia, the physician may recommend the use of an elemental iron supplement, such as ferrous sulfate, ferrous gluconate, or iron hydroxide as follows:
- Children under 5 years: 3 mg of iron / kg of body weight per day for 3 months;
- Adults: 120 mg of iron per day for 3 months;
- Pregnant women: 60 mg of iron, 2 times a day, until normalization of hemoglobin levels.
For better iron absorption, the supplement should be taken with lunch or dinner, preferably with a citrus fruit, such as orange, lemon or tangerine.