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First Aid 2023

What to do in case of nose bleeds

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What to do in case of nose bleeds
What to do in case of nose bleeds

To stop bleeding from the nose, compress the nostril with a tissue or apply ice, breathe through the mouth and keep the head in a neutral position or slightly tilted forward. However, if the bleeding is not resolved after 30 minutes, it may be necessary to go to the emergency room so that the doctor performs a procedure to control the outflow of blood, such as cauterization of the vein, for example.

Nose bleeding, scientifically called epistaxis, is the outflow of blood through the nose and, in most cases, it is not a serious situation, and can occur when picking the nose, blowing the nose too hard or after a blow to the face, for example.

However, when bleeding does not stop, happens several times during the month or is intense, it is important that the doctor is consulted, as it can be indicative of more serious problems, such as changes in blood clotting and autoimmune diseases. Check out other causes of nose bleeds.


How to stop nose bleeds

To stop nosebleeds, you should start by keeping calm and taking a handkerchief, saying:

  1. Sit down and slightly tilt your head forward;
  2. Pinch the bleeding nostril for at least 10 minutes: you can push the nostril against the septum with your index finger or pinch your nose with your thumb and index finger;
  3. Relieve pressure and check if bleeding has stopped after 10 minutes;
  4. Clean the nose and, if necessary, the mouth, with a wet compress or cloth. When cleaning the nose, do not use force. You can wrap a handkerchief and only clean the entrance to the nostril.

Also, if after compression you continue to bleed from the nose, you should apply ice to the bleeding nostril, wrapping it in a cloth or compress. The application of ice helps stop the bleeding, as the cold causes the blood vessels to compress, decreasing the amount of blood and stopping the bleeding.

Understand these tips better in the following video:

What not to do when you're bleeding from your nose

When you are bleeding from your nose, you should not:

  • Turn your head back or lie down, as the pressure of the veins decreases and the bleeding increases;
  • Introduce cotton swabs in the nose, as it can cause trauma;
  • Put hot water in your nose;
  • Blowing your nose for at least 4 hours after your nose bleeds.

These measures should not be taken, as it worsens nose bleeding and does not help with healing.


When to go to the doctor

It is recommended to go to the emergency room or see a doctor when:

  • Bleeding does not stop after 20-30 minutes;
  • Nose bleeds accompanied by headache and dizziness;
  • Nose bleeding occurs at the same time as eye and ear bleeding;
  • Bleeding occurs after car accident;
  • Use anticoagulants such as Warfarin or Aspirin.

Nosebleeds are usually not serious and rarely lead to more serious problems. However, in these cases, you should call an ambulance, calling 192, or go immediately to the emergency room.

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