General Practice 2022

2&ordm burn; degree: how to recognize (and what to do)

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2&ordm burn; degree: how to recognize (and what to do)
2&ordm burn; degree: how to recognize (and what to do)

2nd degree burn is the second most serious type of burn and usually appears due to domestic accidents with hot materials.

This degree of burn hurts a lot and causes the appearance of a blister at the site, which must not be burst to prevent the entry of microorganisms that can cause infection.

In most cases, a 2nd degree burn can be treated at home with the application of cold water and ointment for the burn, however, if it causes very intense pain or is larger than 1 hand, it is recommended to go immediately. to the emergency room.

How to recognize a 2nd degree burn

The main feature that helps to recognize a 2nd degree burn is the appearance of a blister at the site. However, other common signs and symptoms include:

  • Pain, intense redness or swelling;
  • Appearance of a wound at the site;
  • Slow healing, between 2 to 3 weeks.

After healing, a 2nd degree burn may leave a lighter stain on superficial burns or scarring on deeper burns.

Second-degree burns are more common in domestic accidents, due to contact with boiling water or oil, contact with hot surfaces such as a stove, or direct contact with fire.

First Aid for Burns

First aid for a 2nd degree burn includes:

  1. Remove contact with the heat source immediately. If clothes are on fire, roll on the floor until the fire stops and never run or cover clothes with blankets. If the clothing is stuck to the skin, you should not try to remove it at home, as this can worsen the skin lesions, and you should go to the hospital to have it removed by a he alth professional;
  2. Place the area under cold water for 10 to 15 minutes or until the skin stops burning. It is not recommended to put very cold water or ice on the site, because it can aggravate the skin lesion.;
  3. Cover with clean cloth soaked in cold water. This helps lessen the pain during the first few hours.

After removing the wet tissue, you can apply an ointment for the burn, as it helps to keep the pain under control, in addition to stimulating the healing of the skin. See examples of burn ointments that can be used.

At no time should the burn blister be burst, as this increases the risk of infections, which can worsen recovery and even affect healing, requiring antibiotic treatment. If necessary, the bubble should only be popped in the hospital, with sterile material.

Watch this video and check out these and other tips for treating burns:

What to do to treat a 2nd degree burn

For minor burns, which occur when touching the iron or hot pan, for example, the treatment can be done at home. But in larger burns, when part of the face, head, neck, or areas such as arms or legs are affected, treatment should always be indicated by the doctor because it involves an assessment of the victim's entire he alth status.

In small 2nd degree burns, a dressing can be made using healing ointment and then covered with gauze and bandaged with a bandage, for example. Check out how to make a bandage for each degree of burn.

In large burns, it is advised that the person stays hospitalized for a few days or weeks until the tissues are well healed and the person can be discharged. Usually in extensive 2nd and 3rd degree burns, hospitalization is prolonged, requiring the use of medication, rehydration serum, adapted diet and physical therapy until complete recovery.

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