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General Practice 2023

11 benefícios da romã (and how to prepare ch&aacute

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11 benefícios da romã (and how to prepare ch&aacute
11 benefícios da romã (and how to prepare ch&aacute
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Pomegranate is a fruit that contains functional compounds such as flavonoids, quercetin and ellagic acid, which are antioxidants that can help prevent Alzheimer's and some types of cancer, and control high blood pressure, in addition to having an anti-inflammatory effect. -inflammatory and antiseptic, helping to relieve sore throat, for example.

Furthermore, pomegranate can also be included in diets to lose weight, as it has few calories and is rich in fiber, increasing the feeling of satiety and, thus, food consumption.

Pomegranate is a slightly sweet fruit and the seeds can be consumed fresh or used to make juices, salads and yogurts. The peels, leaves and stem of the fruit can be used to make teas.As a food supplement, it is common for the industry to use the dehydrated extract of the peel and also the concentrated oil of the pomegranate seeds to prevent premature aging and improve the immune system.

The main he alth benefits of pomegranate are:

1. Prevent cancer

The pulp and skin of the pomegranate are rich in flavonoids and tannins, which are antioxidant compounds present in many fruits and vegetables and that help prevent the emergence of some types of cancer, such as prostate, lung, skin and breast.

In addition, more recent studies have investigated the possibility of using pomegranate extract for the treatment of various types of cancer, mainly due to the function of urolithin B and galactic acid, compounds found in the bark, leaves and in the seeds of the fruit and which have a potent antioxidant action, reducing or inhibiting the proliferation of cancer cells.

2. Prevent Alzheimer's

Pomegranate seeds and skin have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds, which help balance neuron functions, improving memory and preventing the onset of Alzheimer's.

This property is found especially in the pomegranate skin, part of the fruit that contains 10 times more antioxidants when compared to the pulp.

3. Prevent heart disease

Pomegranate juice is rich in compounds with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions, which increase the levels of good cholesterol, HDL, in the blood, preventing some heart diseases, such as heart attack, arrhythmia and atherosclerosis. In addition, fruit juice also helps lower blood levels of triglycerides, a type of fat that, in excess, increases the risk of heart disease.

4. Strengthen the immune system

Pomegranate is a fruit rich in vitamin C and antioxidants that also work by inhibiting the growth of bad bacteria and increasing the number of good bacteria in the gut.This function helps to balance the intestinal flora, improving the absorption of vitamins and minerals by the organ, in addition to strengthening the immune system, preventing he alth problems such as flu, diarrhea and herpes, for example.

In addition, extracts from the fruit have been used as supplements to strengthen the immune system of those with inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or inflammatory bowel disease.

5. Lower blood pressure

The antioxidants present in pomegranate promote the relaxation of blood vessels, which facilitates blood circulation and helps prevent high blood pressure in those who do not yet have the disease.

Some studies show that drinking around 240 ml of pomegranate juice for 14 days can also help lower high blood pressure in people with high blood pressure. It is important to emphasize that the fruit juice should not replace the medication prescribed by the cardiologist.

6. Keeping your skin he althy

Pomegranate is rich in ellagitannins, anthocyanins and catechins, which are antioxidants and are present in the seed, skin and juice of the fruit. These compounds have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action, which protect the skin against the sun's ultraviolet rays, preventing skin cancer.

Furthermore, the compounds in the fruit prevent premature aging and also promote an astringent, drying, and antiseptic action on the skin, helping to treat mixed, oily and acne-prone skin.

7. Fight diarrhea

Because it is rich in tannins, which are compounds that increase water absorption and decrease the movements of feces expelled by the intestine, and antioxidants that balance the intestinal flora, tea made from fruit peels or pomegranate stems help in the treatment of diarrhea.

8. Preventing gingivitis and periodontitis

Pomegranate has compounds such as flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenolic acids and tannins, which are important antioxidants and antimicrobials for the treatment of gingivitis and periodontitis.In this case, the peels and flowers of the fruit are used in the form of teas to make mouthwash.

Studies show that treatment with pomegranate extracts fights the bacteria that cause gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gums, in addition to reducing bleeding in periodontitis, which is inflammation of the bones and tissues of the teeth.

9. Prevent and improve strep throat

The peel of the fruit and the stem of the pomegranate are very effective in preventing and improving inflammation in the throat, such as laryngitis, pharyngitis and tonsillitis To have the benefits of pomegranate in the throat, you can make tea with the peels of the fruit and gargle 3 times a day. See how to prepare pomegranate tea for sore throat.

10. Prevent diabetes

Fresh pomegranate juice is rich in antioxidants that, in addition to other benefits, help improve the functions of the pancreas, which is the organ responsible for producing the hormone insulin in the body.This fruit property helps balance blood sugar levels, preventing diabetes and helping to control blood glucose in those who already have the disease.

Some studies have shown that drinking fresh juice from pomegranate flowers or seeds can lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes within just a few hours of consumption.

11. Help with weight loss

In addition to he alth benefits, pomegranate is low in calories, rich in antioxidants and a source of fiber, helping to control hunger, eliminate excess body fluid and lose weight. See how to use pomegranate to lose weight.

Pomegranate nutritional information

The following table provides nutritional information for 100 g of fresh pomegranate:

Nutrients

100 g of pomegranate

Energy

60 calories

Protein

0, 4 g

Fat

0, 4 g

Carbohydrates

12 g

Fibers

3, 4 g

Vitamin C

13 mg

Vitamin A

6 mcg

Folic Acid

10 mcg

Potassium

240 mg

Phosphorus

14 mg

It is important to remember that, despite promoting many benefits, the use of pomegranate should not replace medication or other treatments prescribed by the doctor.

How to make pomegranate tea

The parts that can be used to make pomegranate tea are the bark, stem, leaves and flowers.

To make pomegranate tea, just boil 1 cup of water in a pan and add 10 grams of the fruit peel, then turn off the heat and smother the pan for 10 to 15 minutes. After this period, strain and drink the warm tea 2 to 3 times a day.

In addition to tea, you can also use pomegranate juice, which is made by simply mixing 1 pomegranate with 1 glass of water in a blender and drinking immediately, preferably without adding sugar.

Possible side effects

Consumption of pomegranate peel and stem in large quantities is toxic and can cause side effects such as nausea and vomiting or even severe intoxication, which can lead to death by respiratory arrest.

For safety, pomegranate is not recommended for children under 2 years old. As well as ingestion by pregnant women, breastfeeding women and people who have gastritis should be avoided, as it can irritate the stomach.

He althy recipes with pomegranate

Pomegranate seeds are widely used in savory preparations such as salads and chicken and also in sweets, such as yogurts, mousses and sweet tapioca.

1. Green salad with pomegranate

Ingredients:

  • 1 bunch of arugula;
  • 1 bunch of curly lettuce;
  • 1 pomegranate;
  • 1 green apple with skin;
  • 1 lemon.

Preparation method:

Wash and dry the arugula and lettuce leaves, then roughly tear them. Cut the apple into thin strips and soak in water with drops of lemon juice for 15 minutes. Remove the seeds from the pomegranates and mix them with the green leaves and the apple in strips. Serve with olive oil, homemade vinaigrette dressing or balsamic vinegar.

2. Tapioca couscous with pomegranate

Ingredients:

  • 250 ml of granulated tapioca;
  • 100 ml skimmed milk;
  • 200 ml homemade coconut milk;
  • 50 g grated coconut;
  • 2 tablespoons of brown sugar or powdered sweetener;
  • 1 pomegranate.

Preparation method:

Mix the tapioca, grated coconut and sugar or sweetener in a large glass container and set aside.Bring the milk and coconut milk to a boil over medium heat. When lukewarm, add the mixture to the tapioca and mix well until it thickens and let it cool. Remove the pomegranate seeds and reserve. Add the seeds and fruit juice over the tapioca and serve.

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